Uezd

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Uezd

 

(district). (1) In prerevolutionary Russia, an administrative and territorial unit that was established in the 15th and 16th centuries during the formation of a unified Russian state. In the early 18th century, the uezd, which was divided into units called volosti, became a component of the guberniia (province). In accordance with the guberniia reform of 1775, the administration of each uezd was headed by an ispravnik (chief of police). As a result of the zemstvo (local self-government) reform of 1864, zemstvo assemblies were established in the uezdy.

(2) In the USSR until 1930, a middle-level administrative and territorial unit that was part of a guberniia. Uezdy existed until 1949 or 1950 in the Latvian, Lithuanian, and Estonian SSR’s.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.