(redirected from Uyghur)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(New-Uighur), the language of the Uighurs, spoken in the Sinkiang-Uighur Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China by 5.5 million people (1975, estimate). Uighur is also spoken in certain regions of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India and in the Kazakh, Uzbek, Kirghiz, and Turkmen SSR’s by more than 150,000 people (1970 census). Uighur belongs to the southeastern (Middle Asian, or Karluk) group of Turkic languages.

Uighur comprises three dialects: the northwestern or central dialect, the eastern, or Lop Nor dialect, and the southern, or Hat’-ang dialect. The northwestern dialect includes ten subdialects, of which the Hi subdialect forms the basis for the modern Uighur literary language. The characteristic phonetic features of Uighur include ten vowels and 26 consonants, including ж[d3], K [q], H [B], and h. Synharmony is inconsistent. The language shares morphological features with the other Turkic languages.

The literary language of the Uighurs in the USSR is a unified national language. In the USSR, the writing system was based on Arabic script until 1930; in Sinkiang this script is still in use. The Latin alphabet was used in the USSR from 1930 to 1946, when the Cyrillic alphabet was introduced, with additional symbols for special phonemes.

The term “Uighur” was adopted for this language in 1921 at the suggestion of S. E. Malov, although Uighur is not a linguistic continuation of the Old Uighur language.


Kaidarov, A. T. “Uigurskii (novouigurskii) iazyk.” In lazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 2. Moscow, 1966. (Contains bibliography.)
Uigursko-russkiislovar’. Alma-Ata, 1961.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ilham Mahmut, president of the Japan Uyghur Association, recounted his last phone conversation with his mother, in April 2017.
The CNHS is an ongoing population-based cross-sectional study and Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is one of the study sites, where 3072 Uyghur and 3195 Han adults aged 20-80 were enrolled in 2013.
A security official source told state-owned Middle East News Agency that security forces discovered that a number of Chinese Uyghur students were residing illegally in Egypt, which "some people interpreted as targeting", asserting that such procedures are periodic and usual regarding all foreign residents in Egypt.
Moreover, the fact that one of the leaders of the student movement was a Uyghur only exacerbated sensitivity toward Uyghur-focused policies.
Against this backdrop, China's relationship with the Uyghur minority falls into the latter group rather than the former, as Chinese policies have exhibited a strategy of control rather than accommodation since the Chinese occupation of Xinjiang, which was mostly populated by the Uyghurs in 1949.
In a press statement early Thursday by the Uyghur American Association, Rebiya Kadeer, a rights activist accused by China of instigating the July riots, alleged the Chinese authorities had done nothing since the violence to address its root cause and had only responded by carrying out killings and mass detentions of Uyghurs.
I choose to focus on the Chinese music scholarship on the rich classical musical traditions of the Uyghur, a group of Turkic-speaking Muslims who are one of the fifty-five officially recognized minority nationalities in the People's Republic.
According to Turdi Ghoja of the Uyghur American Association, the PRC is taking "advantage of the global war on terrorism" to indulge in "killing, torturing, and imprisoning" Uighurs in Xinjiang "without causing too much criticism from the international community." (50) Recently, U.N.
They form the longest part of the volume and offer the learner a wealth of appropriate material for the study of spoken Uyghur. They can easily function in individual practice or in the classroom, where they have served instructors well.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- I am at Urumqi Uyghur restaurant in Ankara.
A statement from the World Uyghur Congress, an exile group that Beijing has condemned, said that suspicions that Uighurs were responsible could lead to stepped-up government repression.
"There are extreme worries over the fate of Uighur people," said Dilshat Rexit, a spokesman for the World Uyghur Congress, an exile group which Beijing has condemned as separatist, after news of the detentions emerged.