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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(New-Uighur), the language of the Uighurs, spoken in the Sinkiang-Uighur Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China by 5.5 million people (1975, estimate). Uighur is also spoken in certain regions of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India and in the Kazakh, Uzbek, Kirghiz, and Turkmen SSR’s by more than 150,000 people (1970 census). Uighur belongs to the southeastern (Middle Asian, or Karluk) group of Turkic languages.

Uighur comprises three dialects: the northwestern or central dialect, the eastern, or Lop Nor dialect, and the southern, or Hat’-ang dialect. The northwestern dialect includes ten subdialects, of which the Hi subdialect forms the basis for the modern Uighur literary language. The characteristic phonetic features of Uighur include ten vowels and 26 consonants, including ж[d3], K [q], H [B], and h. Synharmony is inconsistent. The language shares morphological features with the other Turkic languages.

The literary language of the Uighurs in the USSR is a unified national language. In the USSR, the writing system was based on Arabic script until 1930; in Sinkiang this script is still in use. The Latin alphabet was used in the USSR from 1930 to 1946, when the Cyrillic alphabet was introduced, with additional symbols for special phonemes.

The term “Uighur” was adopted for this language in 1921 at the suggestion of S. E. Malov, although Uighur is not a linguistic continuation of the Old Uighur language.


Kaidarov, A. T. “Uigurskii (novouigurskii) iazyk.” In lazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 2. Moscow, 1966. (Contains bibliography.)
Uigursko-russkiislovar’. Alma-Ata, 1961.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, a study by Wu and Song revealed that Uyghur people were "left behind, as Han locals and migrants from other provinces disproportionately took advantage of the increasing opportunities created by China's booming economy." (2) They also argued that "as far as the ethnic minorities are concerned, the Chinese government's economic policies merely focused on natural resource extraction and the Han Chinese (including migrants from other provinces) were the main beneficiaries." (3)
In a word, increased SUA level is closely associated with NAFLD in Uyghur people. The SUA level in clinical testing was an effective auxiliary examination for assessing the risk of NAFLD.
The juxtaposition of numbered data tables and quotes from interviews is interesting, as it gives a voice to the participants in the survey and places the Uyghur people as the focus of the study.
, "China's Minorities: The Case of Xinjiang and the Uyghur People", United Nations Commission on Human Rights, 5 May 2003.
Many have been signed up to the ETIM as one aim of the terror group is to make China's Xinjiang province - where 80 per cent of the population are Uyghur people - independent.
This work will subsequently analyze the consequences of the GWDD for the Uyghur people of East Turkestan.
It is notable that the region under the authority's microscope has a large number of Turkic Uyghur people, a minority ethnic group of China, who fear a rise of Islamist extremism and a political separatist movement, in Beijing.
Beijing does not want the world to know of its horrendous crimes and abuses of human rights against the persecuted Uyghur people - how they have been made a third class citizen inside China and a minority in their own ancestral land of East Turkestan.
Hundreds of people have been killed in resource-rich Xinjiang, a strategically located province on the borders of Central Asia, in violence in the past two years between the Muslim Uyghur people who call the region home and ethnic majority Han Chinese.
| WASHINGTON, March 14 (KUNA) -- The US welcomed Friday the rescue of 200 Uyghur people who were saved by Thai police from a human trafficking camp in southern Thailand.
More than 1,000 more were injured in the violent riots between the Han nationality and the minority Muslim Uyghur people.
She added, ''I will continue to speak out against China's persecution of not only the Uyghur people, but also Tibetans, Mongolians, and the Chinese people themselves until all of them can enjoy their rights and freedoms.''