Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the language of the Uzbeks, spoken in the Uzbek and Kazakh SSR’s and the Middle Asian republics. Outside the USSR, Uzbek is spoken in eastern Turkestan and northern Afghanistan. In the USSR, Uzbek is spoken by more than 9 million people (1970 census).

Uzbek belongs to the southeastern (Middle Asian) group of Turkic languages. The dialects of the modern spoken language have been influenced by such diverse dialect groups as Karluk, Kipchak, and Oghuz. Uzbek dialects are conventionally divided according to phonetic features into two groups: the “o” group, which includes the dialects of such cities as Tashkent, Samarkand, and Bukhara and the surrounding regions, and the “a” group, which is divided into two subgroups according to the use of the initial consonants j or . The classification was developed by the Soviet scholar A. K. Borovkov.

The modern Uzbek literary language is based on the Tashkent-Fergana “o” dialect group. An Old Uzbek literary language had emerged by the 13th century (by the 15th or 16th century, according to some scholars); opinion is divided on its definition and designation. Uzbek phonology is marked by the absence of long vowels in word initial position. Secondary lengthening results from the loss of consonant sounds assimilated into vowels. Certain vowels may be lengthened for emphasis. The main dialects lack synharmonic vowel alternation and the division of affixes into front and back. Uzbek grammatical structure, in common with all Turkic languages, is agglutinative.

Uzbek was written in Arabic script until 1927 and in the Latin alphabet from 1927 to 1940, when the current modified Cyrillic alphabet was introduced.


Kononov, A. N. Grammatika sovremennogo uzbekskogo literaturnogo iazyka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960. (Contains bibliography.)
Shaàbduràkhmanav, Sh. Sh. Ozbek àdàbiy tili va ozbek khâlq shevàlâri. Tashkent, 1962.
Reshetov, V. V. “Uzbekskii iazyk.” In lazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 2. Moscow, 1966. (Contains bibliography.)
Russko-uzbekskii slovar’, vols. 1-5. Tashkent, 1950-56.
Uzbeksko-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jane said she easily got accustomed to the Uzbek lifestyle and traditions.
The Uzbek delegation earlier held talks at the Foreign Office on promoting bilateral relations, and economic and trade cooperation.
The Uzbek deputy PM appreciated the role of Pakistan Army in the war against terrorism and maintaining peace in the region, the ISPR added.
During the meeting with the Uzbek delegation at FarmaTrust company, CEO Peter Bryant and Director of Business Development Mike Quinn, expressed interest in assisting in the creation of a drug authentication system based on blockchain technology in Uzbekistan.
April 30, Uzbek vs PHF Development Squad at National Hockey Stadium.
"We also asked our embassy in Turkey and other diplomatic offices overseas to thoroughly examine the travel documents of Uzbek visa applicants while closely watching any unusual movements (regarding Uzbeks) here and abroad."
Police discovered that the couple's unwedded affair resulted in the birth of an illegitimate baby girl and they used false marriage papers that they submitted to the hospital where the Uzbek woman delivered in September 2017.
Shaheen said Uzbek officials discussed their security concerns surrounding the development projects.
Earlier upon his arrival, the COAS was received by Uzbek Defence Minister, Major General Abdusalom Azizov and Chief of General Staff, Major General Pavel Ergashev.
The Uzbek TV Editor, Diloram Ibrahimova, commented: "This is an exciting time for us as we expand our presence in Afghanistan.
During the meeting, the Uzbek delegation briefed the representatives of around 80 UK companies participating in the meeting about the opportunities for their participation in some investment projects of Uzbekistan.
The Uzbek side welcomed the Secretary General of the Foreign Ministry and his accompanying delegation and hoped that the meeting will contribute to enhancing bilateral relations in all fields.