The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a Russian term of Turkic origin used to designate the emancipated obshchinniki (communal peasants) in Dagestan, who constituted the overwhelming majority of the peasantry. The term uzden’ was used in contradistinction to the terms lag (slave) and raiat (serf, dependent). It was applied even to the feudal service class (uorki) by the Russian administration in the 16th century and by the Adygeians and Kabardins in the 18th and 19th centuries. The uzdeni were usually dependent both economically and politically on the feudal lords. Some advanced to the highest levels in feudal society, while others finally reverted to the status of dependent peasants.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chechens had never known aristocracy; traditionally, they had two types of person (it even can hardly be called classes)--the uzden, a free man, and the lai, a slave who worked on the land and was deprived of any civil rights.
(24) Among the Karachays, the pre-revolution social classes included B//(barons), Uzden (yeomen) and Kul(serfs).
(2) Bu y uzden yaslilarin daha kaliteli bir yasam s urd urmesi icin cabalar artmis ve erkeklerdeki androjen eksikligi de giderek ilgi gosterilen bir konu haline gelmistir.