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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city and administrative center of Uzgen Raion, Osh Oblast, Kirghiz SSR. Situated on the right bank of the Karadar’ia River of the Syr Darya basin, 44 km northeast of the Karasu-Uzbekskii railroad junction and 68 km from the city of Osh. Located on the Osh-Karakul’dzha highway. Population, 29,000 (1976). Food processing is Uzgen’s leading industry.

In antiquity and the Middle Ages, Uzgen was a major city on the trade route from Fergana to Eastern Turkestan. It arose in the last centuries before the Common Era and played an especially important role during the rule of the Karakhanids in the tenth to 12th centuries.

Architectural monuments dating from the 11th and 12th centuries have been preserved in Uzgen, including a minaret with an octahedral foundation and a round column ornamented with 12 bands of patterned masonry. There are also three domed mausoleums—a central one (in ruins), a northern one, and a southern one—adjoining one another; decorative elements include patterned masonry and carved ganch (seeGANCH) and terra-cotta. Several examples of unglazed and glazed painted pottery from the tenth to 12th centuries and fragments of glassware have been found on the site of medieval Uzgen.


Zadneprovskii, Iu. A. “Arkheologicheskie raboty v Iuzhnoi Kirgizii v 1954 g.” In the collection Trudy Kirgizskoi arkheologo-etno-graficheskoi ekspeditsii, vol. 4. Moscow, 1960. Pages 214–46.
Nusov, V. E. Arkhitektura Kirgizii s drevneishikh vremen do nashikh dnei. Frunze, 1971. Pages 17–29.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kara-Suu and Uzgen towns export their travertine to Russia and Uzbekistan.
According to the data of Institute of Seismology of the National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic, the epicenter of the earthquake is located on the territory of Kyrgyzstan, 21 km N-E of Uzgen town, 25 km S-E of Kalk-Janggak town, 40 km E of Jalal-Abad town, 70 km N-E of Osh city.
President of Kyrgyzstan Sooronbay Jeenbekov visited today the "Atalyk-Ozgon" enterprise, a branch of the "Eldan Atalyk" agro-industrial complex in Uzgen district of Osh region in the framework of a two-day working trip to Osh and Jalal-Abad regions of the country, Kabar agency reported.
'The ACBS has informed the PBSA that due to the numerous human casualties as a result of a landslide on April 29 in Uzgen region of Kyrgyzstan the ACBS Board have decided to postpone the Asian Championship scheduled to be held from May 13-19 for the time being, because of the emergency situation in Kyrgyzstan', said a spokesman of PBSA here on Thursday.
Collective farmers from the New World Kolkhoz in the southern Uzgen region reportedly met the newcomers with "exaggerated" compassion, because the deportees had "suffered from Soviet power too." (83) Frequently, however, there were neither enough vacant buildings nor "heated tents." Food was in short supply, and typhoid spread quickly.
The Muslim Board reported that the draw was held in Nookat, Uzgen, Kara-Suu, Chon-Alai districts and in the city of Osh.
He noted that an extremist from Uzgen region was killed in Syria and was identified by his family, who saw a photo of him on the internet.
This hour-long concert includes Sakis Paliogiannis, a singer and dancer from Greece, Turkish fiddler Neva Uzgen and multi-instrumentalist Esko Jrvell.
"Clashes and exchanges of fire between groups of youths took place in Osh and the neighbouring districts of Karassu, Arava and Uzgen," Farid Niyazov, a government spokesman, said.
From their headquarters in Buran and Uzgen, they launched a further attempt at the Islamicization of the local peoples, but their efforts seem to have been defeated by the strength of traditional custom and the natural barriers of the mountains, and Muslim records of the thirteenth century still refer to this as the "land of the kafirs." Nonetheless, as the various tribes that were to make up the Kyrgyz "nation" began to appear on this territory under pressure from Mongol expansion, Islam began to take root among the ruling classes of the southern and western Kyrgyz tribes.
- Ornok On Eki-Bel Aiyl aimak of Nookat rayon.- Kashka-Terek of BashDebensky Aiyl aimak of Uzgen district.