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an endorsement in a passport or similar document, signifying that the document is in order and permitting its bearer to travel into or through the country of the government issuing it
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in the broadest sense of the word, the signature of the corresponding official on a certain document or act, either attesting to its authenticity or putting it into effect; in the narrow sense of the word, a visa is a notification in a passport which signifies permission for entry of a given person into the territory of another state, for exit from that territory, or for passage through it.

Correspondingly, there are distinct types of visas—exit, entry, and transit—issued by the competent state bodies for a definite term. The majority of states have instituted a permit system for the entry of foreigners; that is, the entry of foreigners is permitted only with a corresponding visa in their passports. In some instances, certain states have established a simplified system of entry for foreigners: examples include systems for tourists (by lists), the crews of foreign trading ships (by passage books), and the inhabitants of border regions for short-term business stays (by permits). Passengers on international air and sea routes are not required to have transit visas if they do not leave the territory of the airport or the ship.

Entry, exit, and transit without visas may be established by special agreements between states. Thus, the capitalist countries of Western Europe in the postwar period have concluded a series of agreements by which citizens of these countries or citizens of the USA, Australia, or Canada have the right of entry into the territories of Western European countries without visas if they have a national passport for travel abroad. Customarily, the rules of entry without visas have been extended to apply to foreigners who do not intend to receive the right of continuing residence in the country of entry.

In the USSR the system permitting entry, exit, and transit is regulated by the special Statute on Entry to and Exit From the USSR. Entry of foreigners is permitted only if they have a visa issued by embassies, missions, and consulates of the USSR abroad. Citizens of countries without diplomatic and consular relations with the USSR may apply for visas at an embassy or consulate of the USSR in any country. Visas for entry into the USSR are sometimes issued abroad by especially empowered Soviet representatives. Exit visas from the USSR are issued by the ministries of foreign affairs of the USSR and of its Union republics, by diplomatic agencies of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and by police agencies. Entry, exit, and transit without visas is possible only if there are special agreements between corresponding states. The USSR has such agreements with a majority of the socialist countries.



The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(1) (Visa credit card) See EMV.

(2) (Video Electronics Standards Association) See VESA.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bob Milne said: "While we have ensured Visar's physical well-being, sadly we cannot guarantee the future for him and his family."
Visar first arrived in Britain in April with the help of No Frontiers, and was sent to Aberdeen for urgent medical treatment.
Communicating through Visar's uncle, Nexhmedin, and an interpreter, Visar's mother said she thought her son was feeling better.
Mr Milne, who organised Visar's operation at Royal Aberdeen Children's Hospital and who had travelled with the boy and his mother, added: "They won't let Visar in because they say he is ill.
Att formannen visar intresse for personalen och dess arbete, ger av sin tid till personalen och ser manniskan med alla hennes individuella egenskaper och formagor bakom arbetsuppgiften ingick ocksa i uppskattningen.
Visar's mum Sadije said "We are very happy because, after nearly two months, Visar has finished his treatment and everything is okay.
And Visar will be able to fly home if vital hospital checks today give him the all-clear.
Shyrete Elezi, former minister of local self-government was this time appointed as Deputy Minister of Finance, Bekim Maksuti returns in the Ministry of Defense this time in the function of Deputy Minister, while Visar Ganiu physical education professor at the State University of Tetovo will be the new Deputy Minister of Education and Science.
"They plan to create about a hundred jobs for people who speak German and to drive this figure further up to 500 in the next four years," said the Minister for attracting foreign investments, Visar Fida.
Doctors at the Royal Aberdeen Children's Hospital have decided to go ahead with surgery to correct Visar Zymberi's underlying throat condition.
Little Visar Zymberi was treated by Scots doctors after surviving on just his mother's milk for the past two years.
Following the announcement of former PM that his party is preparing a document that will "save" Macedonia from the political crisis, observer Visar Ademi assesses that the time when Gruevski negotiated in the name of Macedonia is over, and now the last and only word belongs to the Special Public Prosecution, reports Alsat-M.