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That's really not a big problem because the signal will simply remain below the Vref
threshold, continuing to be interpreted as a 0.
A culture of VREF
(100 mL), incubated at 37[degrees]C for 16 h, was taken and divided into four flasks of 25 mL each.
The reference voltage, Vref
, is doubled with a flip operation from phasel ([phi]1) to phase2 ([phi]2), and added to or subtracted from the integrators depending on the output of the comparator.
This block should be programmed to modify the reference voltage Vref
as: Initially Vref
is set to 1 pu; at t=0.2 s, Vref
is decreased to 0.97 pu; then at t=0.4 s, Vref
is increased to 1.03; and finally at 0.6 s, Vref
is set back to 1 pu.
But when it comes to performing 45-degree-bank turns at 1.3 * VSO, or VREF
at around 300 feet agl, we fall down.
Volume reference (Vref
) was estimated by Cavalieri method.
where k is a constant coefficient and Vref
a reference voltage, which is related to the output power and independent of the input voltage.
The maximum trip current is adjusted to the reference voltage VREF
, equal to the voltage drop on the current sense resistor multiplied by 8.
is also connected to the bottom plates of capacitors.