V. S. Naipaul

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Naipaul, V. S.

(Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul) (nīpôl`), 1932–, English author, b. Chaguanas, Trinidad; grad. University College, Oxford, 1953. Naipul, whose family is descended from Indian Brahmins, has lived in England since 1950. A master of English prose style, he is known for his penetrating analyses of alienation and exile. In fiction and essays marked by stylistic virtuosity and psychological insight, he often focuses on his childhood and his travels beyond Trinidad. Writing with increasing irony and pessimism, he has often bleakly detailed the dual problems of the Third World: the oppressions of colonialism and the chaos of postcolonialism.

Among Naipaul's works of international analysis are The Middle Passage (1962), about the West Indies and South America; an Indian trilogy: An Area of Darkness (1964), India: A Wounded Civilization (1977), and India: A Million Mutinies Now (1990); and The Masque of Africa (2010), on indigenous religions in several African nations. His novels include The Mystic Masseur (1957), A House for Mr. Biswas (1961), In a Free State (1971; Booker Prize), Guerrillas (1975), A Bend in the River (1979), and Half a Life (2001) and its sequel, Magic Seeds (2004); he has also written numerous short stories. Among his other works are The Enigma of Arrival (1987), A Way in the World (1994), and A Writer's People (2008), autobiographical works combining novel, memoir, and history; Among the Believers (1981) and Beyond Belief (1998), analyses of modern Islam; and many political essays, a representative sample of which are collected in The Writer and the World (2002). Naipaul was knighted in 1990 and awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2001.


See his early letters in Between Father and Son: Family Letters (2000), ed. by G. Aitken; F. Jussawalla, ed., Conversations with V. S. Naipaul (1997); biographies by R. D. Hamner (1973), R. Kelly (1989), and P. French (2008); studies by P. Theroux (1972 and 1998), R. D. Hamner, ed. (1979), P. Nightingale (1987), P. Hughes (1988), T. F. Weiss (1992), W. Dissanayake (1993), B. A. King (1993), J. Levy (1995), F. Mustafa (1995), R. Nixon (1997), N. Ramadevi (1997), A. J. Khan (1998), L. Feder (2001), H. Hayward (2002), and B. King (2003).

References in periodicals archive ?
THE EMPIRE Incidentally, after VS Naipaul, James is the second author from the Caribbean, and the first Jamaican, to have won the Man Booker Prize.
30 -- Shiva Naipaul, the younger brother of VS Naipaul, was born in Trinidad in 1945.
They are Lieve Joris, whose journalism and non-fiction books on Africa, China, The Middle East and Europe have earned her the reputation as the VS Naipaul of the Low Countries; Herman Koch, former actor and comedy star and best-selling novelist of The Dinner; Peter Terrin, this year's winner of the AKO Literature Prize and author of psychological thriller The Guard; Nigeria born, Belgium based poet, short story writer and award winning novelist of On Black Sisters's Street, Chika Unigwe, and novelist Judith Vanistendael - the 'Posy Simmonds' of Belgium, and writer of When David Lost His Voice.
His subjects include former South African president Nelson Mandela and the author VS Naipaul.
But following in the footsteps of Paul Theroux and VS Naipaul, who shook hands at last year's Hay festival after a lengthy falling out, Rushdie and Le Carre's wounds appear to have finally healed, the paper said.
Philip Pullman and VS Naipaul are amongst the top scribblers visiting.
Dame Beryl, who has been ranked alongside literary heavyweights Harold Pinter and VS Naipaul, put much of herself into her characters and "had a way with words and a carefully tuned sense of what would work", he said.
But it was that great Nobel prize-winning novelist VS Naipaul who gave me a deeper insight into the need most people have to be lifted out of their humdrum lives.
She did not win the Man Booker Prize despite being shortlisted five times, but she did win the David Cohen Prize, putting her alongside literary heavyweights like Seamus Heaney, Harold Pinter and VS Naipaul, who also won Nobel prizes for literature.
This, he said, puts her alongside literary heavyweights like Seamus Heaney, Harold Pinter and VS Naipaul, who also won Nobel prizes for literature.
A publisher for 50 years, Diana has edited the work of many important authors, including Jean Rhys and VS Naipaul.
In addition, the biography award was won by Patrick French for his biography of VS Naipaul, The World Is What It Is; the general non-fiction prize was awarded to New York Times reporter Dexter Filkins for his book about the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, The Forever War; and the autobiography award was won by Ariel Sabar for My Father's Paradise.