V. S. Naipaul

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Naipaul, V. S.

(Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul) (nīpôl`), 1932–2018, English writer, b. Chaguanas, Trinidad; grad. University College, Oxford, 1953. Naipul, whose family descended from Indian Brahmins, lived in England from 1950 on. A master of English prose style and the author of 29 books in many literary genres, he is known for his penetrating analyses of alienation and exile. In fiction and essays marked by stylistic virtuosity and psychological insight, he often focused on his childhood and his travels beyond Trinidad–to South and North America, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. Writing with increasing irony and pessimism, he often bleakly detailed the dual problems of the Third World: the oppression of colonialism and the chaos of postcolonialism.

Among Naipaul's works of international analysis are The Middle Passage (1962), about the West Indies and South America; an Indian trilogy: An Area of Darkness (1964), India: A Wounded Civilization (1977), and India: A Million Mutinies Now (1990); and The Masque of Africa (2010), on indigenous religions in several African nations. Naipaul's novels include The Mystic Masseur (1957), A House for Mr. Biswas (1961), which brought him international acclaim, In a Free State (1971; Booker Prize), Guerrillas (1975), The Mimic Men (1967), A Bend in the River (1979), and the autobiographical Half a Life (2001) and its sequel, Magic Seeds (2004). He also wrote numerous short stories and such other works as The Enigma of Arrival (1987), A Way in the World (1994), and A Writer's People (2008), autobiographical books combining novel, memoir, and history; Among the Believers (1981) and its sequel, Beyond Belief (1998), analyses of modern Islam and Islamic fundamentalism; and many political essays, a representative sample of which are collected in The Writer and the World (2002). Naipaul was knighted in 1990 and awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2001.

Bibliography

See F. Jussawalla, ed., Conversations with V. S. Naipaul (1997); his early letters in Between Father and Son: Family Letters (2000, ed. by G. Aitken); memoir by his daughter S. Naipaul Akal, The Naipauls of Nepaul Street (2018); biographies by R. D. Hamner (1973), R. Kelly (1989), and P. French (2008); studies by P. Theroux (1972 and 1998), R. D. Hamner, ed. (1979), P. Nightingale (1987), P. Hughes (1988), T. F. Weiss (1992), W. Dissanayake (1993), B. A. King (1993), J. Levy (1995), F. Mustafa (1995), R. Nixon (1997), N. Ramadevi (1997), A. J. Khan (1998), L. Feder (2001), H. Hayward (2002), and B. King (2003).

References in periodicals archive ?
A generation crying for change.Bobi is a sign of the times the sign of a generation that cries for change for they do not want to be nothing' as writer VS Naipaul puts it.
VS Naipaul, the winner of the 2001 Nobel Prize for Literature, has died at 85, Britain's Press Association reported, citing a family statement.
I don't have a political view" Writer VS Naipaul, who has just died.
"We disagreed all our lives, about politics, about literature, and I feel as sad as if I just lost a beloved older brother" Author Sir Salman Rushdie on the death of writer VS Naipaul.
I don't have a political view" - Writer VS Naipaul, who has just died.
NOBEL Prize winner Sir VS Naipaul died peacefully after reading a poem by Lord Tennyson, his friend Geordie Greig has said.
NNA - Nobel Prize-winning British novelist VS Naipaul has died at his home in London at the age of 85, his family have said.
London, Aug 12 (ONA) The writer VS Naipaul, who explored
Nobel Prize-winning author Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul, popularly known as VS Naipaul or Vidia to those who were close to him, died in his home in London on Saturday at the age of 85.
He lives on a quiet suburban street in Chaguanas (also the birthplace of VS Naipaul, the most famous Trinidadian writer), but just "one street away" there's a kind of slum area where killings are commonplace.
Naipaul, who wrote such a novel like 'A House for Mr Biswas', could also write that what happened after the 13th century was destruction of Hindu temples and Hindu civilisation, overlooking that this is also when new ideas were coming in."If you can distract VS Naipaul's attention then you can distract the attention of most intelligent people,"the Nobel Laureate said."The result is that there has been deflection.
It was an inspiration for Naipaul certainly." THE EMPIRE Incidentally, after VS Naipaul, James is the second author from the Caribbean, and the first Jamaican, to have won the Man Booker Prize.