cranberry

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cranberry,

low creeping evergreen bogbog,
very old lake without inlet or outlet that becomes acid and is gradually overgrown with a characteristic vegetation (see swamp). Peat moss, or sphagnum, grows around the edge of the open water of a bog (peat is obtained from old bogs) and out on the surface.
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 plant of the genus Oxycoccus of the family Ericaceae (heathheath,
in botany, common name for some members of the Ericaceae, a family of chiefly evergreen shrubs with berry or capsule fruits. Plants of the heath family form the characteristic vegetation of many regions with acid soils, particularly the moors, swamps, and mountain slopes
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 family). Cranberries are considered by some botanists to belong to the blueberry genus Vaccinium. The cultivated species is the native American or large cranberry (O. or V. macrocarpus). The tart red berries are used for sauces, jellies, pies, and beverages. The Massachusetts colonists probably served wild cranberries with turkey at the first harvest feast in 1621, establishing a Thanksgiving tradition. Commercial cultivation began in Massachusetts in the early 19th cent., then in New Jersey and Wisconsin, later in Washington and Oregon and in Canada. United States cranberry acreage now totals c.25,000. Massachusetts leads in production, followed by Wisconsin and New Jersey. Cranberry bogs are flooded to control weeds, to protect against cold, and to facilitate harvesting. Cranberry is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Ericales, family Ericaceae. The high-bush cranberry or cranberry tree, a member of the honeysucklehoneysuckle,
common name for some members of the Caprifoliaceae, a family comprised mostly of vines and shrubs of the Northern Hemisphere, especially abundant in E Asia and E North America.
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 family, is unrelated.

Bibliography

See P. Eck, The American Cranberry (1990).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
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cranberry

cranberry

Red tart berries, small leathery shiny oval leaves that stay green year round on wiry stems, white/pink flowers. Used for pleurisy and lung infections. Cranberry may help prevent urinary tract infections, kill viruses and bacteria, prevent kidney stones, soothes rectal disturbances, diarrhea, cystitis. More of a preventative measure than curative. Do not consume if taking Warfarin.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz

cranberry

[′kran‚ber·ē]
(botany)
Any of several plants of the genus Vaccinium, especially V. macrocarpon, in the order Ericales, cultivated for its small, edible berries.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

cranberry

any of several trailing ericaceous shrubs of the genus Vaccinium, such as the European V. oxycoccus, that bear sour edible red berries
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
We wholeheartedly agree with Dr Stevens that UTI in pregnancy is a serious condition and that Vaccinium macrocarpon is not a valid treatment option in acute UTIs.
Habitat: Mature Sphagnum bogs; usually associated with Vaccinium macrocarpon and/or Vaccinium oxycoccos.
The area around the coring site in Stage II developed into a shallow marsh, evidenced by seeds of Brasenia schreberi and Nuphar advena, with a fen mat containing Dulichium arundinaceum, Menyanthes trifoliata, Scirpus validus/acutus and Vaccinium macrocarpon becoming ever closer to the coring site.
Using atomic force microscopy, an imaging technique normally employed by physicists and materials scientists to measure much smaller objects, Mechaber and her colleagues magnified leaf sections from a perennial cranberry vine (Vaccinium macrocarpon) 1,600 times and determined their three-dimensional coordinates.
A randomized, double blind, controlled, dose dependent clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of a proanthocyanidin standardized whole cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) powder on infections of the urinary tract.
According to SPINS/IRI, the top-selling herbal supplements, as coded by primary ingredient, in the mainstream multi-outlet channel in 2014 were horehound (Marrubium vulgare), a key ingredient in throat lozenges; cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon), popular primarily for its claimed benefit of helping maintain urinary tract health; echinacea (Echinacea spp.), which enjoys widespread use during cold and flu season; black cohosh (Actaea racemosa), a popular aid to manage menopausal symptoms; and flax or flaxseed oil (Linum usitatissimum), a source of plant-based omega-3 fatty acids used in the management of a variety of conditions, including high cholesterol and heart disease.
Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon), traditionally used for the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs), is one of the most commonly used herbs during pregnancy with reported prevalence of over 5%.
1Brown PN, Turi CE, Shipley PR, Murch SJ: Comparisons of Large (Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait.) and Small (Vaccinium oxycoccos L., Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.) Cranberry in British Columbia by Phytochemical Determination, Antioxidant Potential, and Metabolomic Profiling with Chemometric Analysis.
Products derived from cranberry, Vaccinium macrocarpon, have been used for decades as a form of complementary, non-antibiotic therapy to prevent and treat UTIs.
* concludes that, at this stage, only products containing 36 mg of cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) PAC measured by the DMAC method can make a reference to the AFSSA Opinion about the urinary tract.
In 2004 France became the first country to approve a health claim for the North American cranberry species Vaccinium macrocarpon. The claim states that it can help reduce the adhesion of certain E.
Induction of apoptosis in tumor cell lines by polyphenolic compounds isolated from Vaccinium macrocarpon. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 11, 184a.