Vaclav Dobias

Dobiáš, Václav

 

Born Sept. 22, 1909, in Radčice. Czechoslovak composer, teacher, and prominent figure in musical life. Member of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia since 1945.

Dobiáš was a student of J. Foerster and V. Novák. He has been a professor at the Academy of Arts in Prague since 1950. From 1955 to 1963 he was chairman of the Union of Czechoslovak Composers. From 1957 to 1960 he was chairman of the State Council for Culture and Art, and from 1960 to 1968 he served as a member of the presidium of the Committee of Socialist Culture of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia.

Dobiáš work, deriving its inspiration from Czech musical folklore and classics, as well as from the achievements of contemporary musical art, is marked by individuality of style and national distinctiveness. It has reflected events from the life of the Czech and Slovak peoples: the liberation of the country from fascism and the building of a socialist society in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. These are the themes of the cantatas Stalingrad (1945), Order No. 368 (1946), and Build Up the Motherland and You Will Strengthen Peace! (3rd version, 1950; Gold Medal of Peace) and of the nonet My Native Land (1952). Among DOBIÁŠ’ best works are the Second Symphony (1957), the Sonata for Piano, the Quintet for Winds, Timpani, and Strings (2nd version, 1958), the “Pastoral” Quintet for Winds (2nd version, 1959), vocal cycles, and songs. DOBIÁŠ won the State Prize (1952) and the K. Gottwald Prize (1956).

REFERENCE

Egorova, V. Vatslav DOBIÁŠh. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alois Haba and his pupils Karel Haba, Karel Reiner, Rudolf Kubin, Stepan Lucky, Vaclav Kaslik and Vaclav Dobias composed numerous songs to the themes of liberation and building up socialism.
The country-building epoch of the first two-year plan, announced in 1946, is characteristic of, among others, Vaclav Dobias's song Budujeme (We Are Building), to lyrics by the renowned poet Frantisek Halas, with the symptomatic refrain "let us roll up our sleeves", which won the publishing company Melantrich's competition in 1946 and relatively soon became generally popular.
The score to the fairy-tale comedy Saxana--Girl on a Broomstick was written by the Bulgarian-born Angelo Michajlov (1939-1998), a student in Vaclav Dobias's composition class and an arranger and writer of songs, including for the iconic Czech singer Marta Kubisova.
But when I was officially introduced by Artia to Vaclav Dobias, the "Czech Khrenikov" (although much more talented than Khrenikov himself) I asked him why the greatest living Czech composer and the greatest world-wide living symphonist was not performed in his own country.