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Inflammation of the vagina.
Inflammation of a tendon sheath.



(colpitis), an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina. Vaginitis is often combined with inflammation of the external genitalia; that is, it may occur as vulvovaginitis.

Vaginitis is caused by the penetration into the vagina of various microbes or parasites (gonococci, trichomonads, and pinworms) from contaminated underclothing or dirty hands or after failure of one partner to observe the rules of sexual hygiene, and so forth. It may also occur after prolonged mechanical irritation of the mucous membrane (for example, prolonged wearing of a girdle for prolapse of the uterus). Vaginitis may develop in girls age three to ten when the vagina becomes infected by the blood flow (in diphtheria, scarlet fever, measles, and other diseases).

The symptoms of the disease include swelling and reddening of the mucous membrane of the vagina, purulent leukorrhea (sometimes with an admixture of blood), a sensation of heaviness in the lower abdomen, a burning sensation, and pruritus of the external genitalia. Among the symptoms of vulvovaginitis are a reddening of the external genitalia that often spreads to the thighs and buttocks, purulent discharges, and pruritus. Senile vaginitis may arise after age-related changes (shriveling and dryness of the mucous membrane of the vagina). Treatment involves removal of the causes of vaginitis. In cases of trichomonad vaginitis both spouses are usually treated at the same time.

Vaginitis in animals results from injury to the vagina during labor and mating as well as from the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into the vaginal mucous membranes. The course of vaginitis may be acute or chronic. The vaginal mucous membrane in sick animals is edematous and hemorrhagic. In suppurative vaginitis, the body temperature is raised, urination becomes painful, the animal’s general condition deteriorates, and, in cows, the milk yield declines. Putrescent vaginitis often ends in death. Vaginitis, especially if chronic, may impair the animal’s reproductive capacity. Treatment involves washing the vagina with disinfectants and irrigation with antibiotics. Vaginitis may be prevented by the observance of hygienic regulations during parturition, mating, and artificial insemination of animals.


Studentsov, A. P. Veterinarnoe akusherstvo i ginekologiia, 3rd. ed. Moscow, 1961.
Gubarevich, la. G. “Vaginit.” In Veterinarnaia entsiklopediia, vol. 1. Moscow, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chronic vaginal infection in pregnant women may lead to several complications as indicated in the introduction.
Trichomonas vaginitis, which is sometimes called "trick," is the third most frequent vaginal infection.
After the piperacillin/tazobactam treatment ended, the patient did not exhibit any signs of vaginal infection.
Even if the trial is successful, vaginal infections will not fade away, Hillier says.
Instead of traditional treatment with antibiotics or chemical substances, vaginal infections can be treated and prevented by using Cranberry-Active tablets, developed by Dutch company Medical Brands.
University of Pittsburgh researchers have revealed that pregnant women with vitamin D deficiency may suffer from bacterial vaginosis (BV), a common vaginal infection.
Hillier recommends that pregnant women mention any symptoms of vaginal infection to their doctors and get treatment if they have bacterial vaginosis.
Not all vaginal infections cause pregnancy problems, but BV is serious and requires attention.
RepHresh is safe for long-term use for women who are pregnant, suffer from recurrent BV, or who have had hysterectomies -- a group prone to vaginal infection.
But the same women are more than twice as likely to develop a vaginal infection caused by the yeast Candida than are those who do not use the sponge.
The Company's target market for Fem-V[TM] includes the approximately 40 million American women between the ages of 18 and 49 who have reported having at least one vaginal infection per year.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a complex polymicrobial infection that results from an overgrowth of a number of different bacterial species and is the most common vaginal infection in women of childbearing age.