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Inflammation of the vagina.
Inflammation of a tendon sheath.



(colpitis), an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina. Vaginitis is often combined with inflammation of the external genitalia; that is, it may occur as vulvovaginitis.

Vaginitis is caused by the penetration into the vagina of various microbes or parasites (gonococci, trichomonads, and pinworms) from contaminated underclothing or dirty hands or after failure of one partner to observe the rules of sexual hygiene, and so forth. It may also occur after prolonged mechanical irritation of the mucous membrane (for example, prolonged wearing of a girdle for prolapse of the uterus). Vaginitis may develop in girls age three to ten when the vagina becomes infected by the blood flow (in diphtheria, scarlet fever, measles, and other diseases).

The symptoms of the disease include swelling and reddening of the mucous membrane of the vagina, purulent leukorrhea (sometimes with an admixture of blood), a sensation of heaviness in the lower abdomen, a burning sensation, and pruritus of the external genitalia. Among the symptoms of vulvovaginitis are a reddening of the external genitalia that often spreads to the thighs and buttocks, purulent discharges, and pruritus. Senile vaginitis may arise after age-related changes (shriveling and dryness of the mucous membrane of the vagina). Treatment involves removal of the causes of vaginitis. In cases of trichomonad vaginitis both spouses are usually treated at the same time.

Vaginitis in animals results from injury to the vagina during labor and mating as well as from the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into the vaginal mucous membranes. The course of vaginitis may be acute or chronic. The vaginal mucous membrane in sick animals is edematous and hemorrhagic. In suppurative vaginitis, the body temperature is raised, urination becomes painful, the animal’s general condition deteriorates, and, in cows, the milk yield declines. Putrescent vaginitis often ends in death. Vaginitis, especially if chronic, may impair the animal’s reproductive capacity. Treatment involves washing the vagina with disinfectants and irrigation with antibiotics. Vaginitis may be prevented by the observance of hygienic regulations during parturition, mating, and artificial insemination of animals.


Studentsov, A. P. Veterinarnoe akusherstvo i ginekologiia, 3rd. ed. Moscow, 1961.
Gubarevich, la. G. “Vaginit.” In Veterinarnaia entsiklopediia, vol. 1. Moscow, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
Patient 1, 20, had recurring vaginal infections for a number of years, particularly stubborn herpes genitalis.
The researchers assessed the occurrence of common vaginal infections, specifically bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, and vulvovaginal candidiasis.
Among the various maternal and fetal factors, vaginal infections during pregnancy is important cause for preterm labour.
As with other vaginal infections, the primary goal in treating bacterial vaginosis (BV) is to relieve signs and symptoms of infection.
64-fold higher risk for vaginal infection than women who took showers (1.
A similar colonization process also helps protect against a number of vaginal infections in females.
A study forthcoming in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and coauthored by Rauh further argues that deteriorated housing is among important stressors that wear down female immune systems, indicated by higher rates of bacterial vaginosis (BV), a general vaginal infection that has been related to preterm birth.
Even the presence of a vaginal infection does not prevent recognition of the fertile phase of the cycle.
In fact, some scientists link the practice to a vaginal infection that can arise when natural protective flora are killed off in the vagina (SN: 9/5/98, p.
Risk of transmission can also be increased if mucosal tissue is irritated or inflamed from gum disease, a vaginal infection, or even recent penetration with fingers, hands, or sex toys, according to Rankow.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a vaginal infection associated with an abnormal growth of natural bacteria found in the vagina.
However, a yeast infection is only one kind of vaginal infection.