Vaginitis


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vaginitis

[‚vaj·ə′nīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the vagina.
Inflammation of a tendon sheath.

Vaginitis

 

(colpitis), an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina. Vaginitis is often combined with inflammation of the external genitalia; that is, it may occur as vulvovaginitis.

Vaginitis is caused by the penetration into the vagina of various microbes or parasites (gonococci, trichomonads, and pinworms) from contaminated underclothing or dirty hands or after failure of one partner to observe the rules of sexual hygiene, and so forth. It may also occur after prolonged mechanical irritation of the mucous membrane (for example, prolonged wearing of a girdle for prolapse of the uterus). Vaginitis may develop in girls age three to ten when the vagina becomes infected by the blood flow (in diphtheria, scarlet fever, measles, and other diseases).

The symptoms of the disease include swelling and reddening of the mucous membrane of the vagina, purulent leukorrhea (sometimes with an admixture of blood), a sensation of heaviness in the lower abdomen, a burning sensation, and pruritus of the external genitalia. Among the symptoms of vulvovaginitis are a reddening of the external genitalia that often spreads to the thighs and buttocks, purulent discharges, and pruritus. Senile vaginitis may arise after age-related changes (shriveling and dryness of the mucous membrane of the vagina). Treatment involves removal of the causes of vaginitis. In cases of trichomonad vaginitis both spouses are usually treated at the same time.

Vaginitis in animals results from injury to the vagina during labor and mating as well as from the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into the vaginal mucous membranes. The course of vaginitis may be acute or chronic. The vaginal mucous membrane in sick animals is edematous and hemorrhagic. In suppurative vaginitis, the body temperature is raised, urination becomes painful, the animal’s general condition deteriorates, and, in cows, the milk yield declines. Putrescent vaginitis often ends in death. Vaginitis, especially if chronic, may impair the animal’s reproductive capacity. Treatment involves washing the vagina with disinfectants and irrigation with antibiotics. Vaginitis may be prevented by the observance of hygienic regulations during parturition, mating, and artificial insemination of animals.

REFERENCES

Studentsov, A. P. Veterinarnoe akusherstvo i ginekologiia, 3rd. ed. Moscow, 1961.
Gubarevich, la. G. “Vaginit.” In Veterinarnaia entsiklopediia, vol. 1. Moscow, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
Herman Gardner established its role as a common cause of vaginitis through studies that fulfilled Koch's postulates.
coli in vaginitis is particularly controversial, it is known to alter the micro-environment (19) and remains one of the most common causes of neonatal sepsis, often being recovered from placental tissues in chorioamnionitis (5).
Saline wet mounts are often used in approaches to provide diagnostic evidence for vaginitis in symptomatic women.
La vaginitis es un proceso inflamatorio de la mucosa vaginal que por lo general suele acompanarse de un aumento en la secrecion genital, y es causada principalmente por la alteracion del equilibrio de la flora vaginal habitual que esta presente en la vagina, cuya funcion es la de regular el pH vaginal y con ello la presencia de bacterias y otros microorganismos en el epitelio vaginal.
The study population was randomly sampled in duplicate from hundred pregnant women visiting 'Al Yamamah' hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, who Showed both symptomatic and asymptomatic vaginitis and had no antibiotic treatment for 2 months before the date of examination.
The report provides comprehensive information on the therapeutics under development for Vaginal Atrophy (Atrophic Vaginitis), complete with analysis by stage of development, drug target, mechanism of action (MoA), route of administration (RoA) and molecule type.
Gynoflor is an ultra-low dose estrogen (estriol) and lactobacillus combination vaginal tablet used for the treatment of atrophic vaginitis due to estrogen deficiency during menopause, for the restoration of vaginal flora following the use of anti-infectives and for the treatment of certain vaginal infections.
However, when the implant is removed, mucopurulent vaginal discharge and other clinical signs of vaginitis are commonly observed (PENNA et al., 2013), which could potentially lead to ascending uterine infections and result in decreased pregnancy rate.
Vulvovaginal irritation is usually not a prominent symptom, hence the use of term vaginosis rather than vaginitis (3).