Vaillant, George Clapp

Vaillant, George Clapp

(văl`yănt), 1901–45, American archaeologist, b. Boston; grad. Harvard (B.A., 1922; Ph.D., 1927). At the American Museum of Natural History he became associate curator (1930) and honorary curator (1941) of Mexican archaeology, and later he served (1941–45) as director of the Univ. of Pennsylvania museum. He carried out archaeological expeditions in the Southwest (1921–22, 1922–25), in Egypt (1923–24), and in Central America (1926, 1928–36). During World War II he organized archaeological programs throughout Latin America. Vaillant was known for his reconstruction of the early stages of Mexican culture and for his synthesis of Aztec history, presented in popular form in The Aztecs in Mexico (1944). His other writings include numerous monographs on Middle American excavations and Indian Arts in North America (1939).
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Vaillant, George Clapp

(1901–45) archaeologist; born in Boston, Mass. His Harvard Ph.D. thesis established a chronology of Maya ceramics; his later work established the historical sequence of cultures in pre-Columbian Mexico. At the American Museum of Natural History (1927–41) he directed the museum's Mexican excavations. His major work was The Aztecs of Mexico (1941).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.