(10) 'Brahmin: born from the head; Kshatriya from the arms; Vaishya
from the thighs and Shudras from the feet'.
From the purusha's mouth came the Brahmins, the priestly caste; from his arms, the Kshatriya, warrior/military caste; from his thighs, the Vaishya
, business/trading caste; and from his feet were born the Shudra, the caste of toiling agriculturists, artisans, and fisherfolk.
Raja was reacting to the Congress claim that Modi was born in an upper caste "Vaishya
" family, with the title of Modh for being wealthy like the Modh Brahmins and Modh Banias.
For instance, even in 1871 (the first decennial census), the Brahmins formed only 3.7 percent of the Hindu population, the Kshatriyas only 0.5 percent, and the Vaishyas
only 2.4 percent.
The Brhadaranyaka Upanishad states that God created the Brahmanas from his face; the Kshatriyas from his arms; the Vaishyas
from his thighs; and, the Shudras from his feet.
According to the ancient Hindu scriptures, there are four "varnas" (social Classes)": the Brahmins (teachers, scholars and priests), the Kshatriyas (kings and warriors), the Vaishyas
(agriculturists and traders), and Shudras (service providers and artisans).
According to some commentators the dwija (twice born) is found not only among brahmanas, but also among kshatriya and vaishyas
, all of whom must pass through the four stages of life to attin the four vargas or purusharthas (goals) of life viz.
Historically, the major castes across the subcontinent have included the Brahmins (priests and teachers), the Kshatriyas (warriors and kings), Vaishyas
(the merchants), and the Shudras (menial workers).
Even Gita places women, Vaishyas
and Shudras in the lower category and describes theirs as sinful birth.
The other castes, in order, include: Kshatriyas (warriors), Vaishyas
(traders), and Shudras (agriculturists, laborers)
(merchants and farmers), and the Shudras (servants).