(43) Of the four castes, three were created from the conquering race at that time: Brahmins (priesthood), Kshatriyas (warriors and nobility), and Vaisyas
(herdsmen initially, later included farmers, traders and artisans).
Of course he successfully manages to interpret the stanzas 41-44 of the Chapter 18, but strangely avoids the issue as dealt with in the stanzas 32-33 of the Chapter 9 where Krsna arguably refers to the inferiority of women, vaisyas
and sudras debarred from performances of the Vedic sacrificial rituals--signified by the conditionals kim punah.
The highest (priestly) caste, the Brahmins, and the third highest, the Vaisya
or Bania (merchant) caste neither drank alcohol nor ate meat.
As people were divided into four castes, Bahun, Chhetri, Vaisya
and Sudra, each was enjoined to follow a caste specific occupation.
Leading national newspaper Hindustan Times published (70) under the category of 'grooms wanted': "High status industrialist Brahmin family seeks alliance for their Very Fair, beautiful daughter ..."; Suitable match for Rajput fair, slim M.A., M.Com., M.Ed...."; Match for "Punjabi Arora girl 34/5'2" beautiful Very Fair NRI software developer well settled Boston ..."; Jaiswal (Vaisya
) fair girl May 80/5'3" MBA (HR)..."; "Suitable match for Very Fair, 5'3", Dec.
Status-wise, Gandhi, who was a vaisya
, was lower than the Brahmin priest.
It describes the origin of the world in the sacrificial dismemberment of Prajapati, the Lord of Being, into four human essences or varna - his mouth became the Brahman priest, his arms became the Kshatriya or the warriors, his thigh became the Vaisya
(farmer and merchant) and his feet became the Sudra (slave or servant).
A boy of a vaisya
family, who gained a crore from being rulers [of a village according to the Vinaya reference quoted above].
The interconnectedness between state and society becomes further evident when we look at organization of the governor's court (adalat), where local merchants such as Virji Vora and Hari Vaisya
occupied a prominent place.