Vakhsh


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vakhsh

 

an urban-type settlement and the administrative center of Vakhsh Raion, Tadzhik SSR, located in the Vakhsh valley near the Perepadnaia railroad station. Population, 9,100 (1968). The Vakhsh irrigation system is controlled from Vakhsh.


Vakhsh

 

a river in the Tadzhik SSR, right tributary of the Amu Darya. Length, 524 km; basin area, 39,100 sq km, primarily situated within the bounds of the Pamiro-Altai mountain system. The Vakhsh is formed by the merger of the Kyzylsu and Muksu rivers, and in the west it is called the Surkhob. After being joined from the left by the Obikhingou River (from whose estuary it receives the name Vakhsh), it turns to the southwest. The Vakhsh flows primarily through a narrow, V-shaped gorge; at a distance of 170 km from its mouth the river comes out into the Vakhsh Valley, where it divides into branches. The river is fed by glaciers and snow, and, to a lesser extent, by rain. Its high-water period extends from May through September. The average discharge is 660 cu m per sec; the greatest (in July) amounts to 3,120 cu m per sec, and the least (in February) is 130 cu m per sec. The waters of the Vakhsh are characterized by a high degree of muddiness (4.16 kg per cu m).

The Golovnaia Hydroelectric Power Plant is on the Vakhsh River; in 1971 the Nurek Hydroelectric Power Plant was under construction (2.7 million kilowatts). The river’s waters are used extensively for irrigation (for example, the Vakhsh and Shuroabad canals). In its lower reaches the river is navigable. Situated on the Vakhsh River are the cities of Nurek, Kurgan-Tiube (in the valley), and Kalininabad.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Recall, Tajikistan stemmed the flow of the Vakhsh River for construction of the Roghun HPP in late October 2016.
The Rogun HPP, the ninth in a row of a cascade of hydro power plants on the Vakhsh River, is located 110 kilometers from Dushanbe.
Uzbekistan withdrew oppositional claims on hydro-power project to be built on Vakhsh River near Dushanbe and signaled the support of project, a big diplomatic move on part of Uzbek President.
The Panj river has its source to the east in the mountains of Afghanistan and runs the length of the valley until its confluence with the Vakhsh River to become the Amu Darya or Oxus.
That day the President of the country has taken the wheel of bulldozer and blocked the flow of Vakhsh River and hence, has launched construction of the dam of this hydropower station.
The Rogun dam construction site is located in central Tajikistan within the Vakhsh River valley at about 100 km in the Northeast of Tajikistan's capital Dushanbe and 40 km upstream from the Nurek reservoir.
of Tajikistan with regard to completion of the Rogun Dam on the Vakhsh
The 335m-high dam structure is being constructed on the Vakhsh River in the country's mountainous Pamir region, where 74 million cubic metres of earth, rock and other core has already been deposited to divert the water course.
President Imomali Rakhmon's office said in a statement he attended Saturday's ceremony at which explosions were used to block the main riverbed of the Vakhsh river, paving way for the construction of a 335-meter dam for which Italy's Salini Impregilo this year won a $3.9 billion contract.
Drawing on the various studies conducted since the 1930s and ideas developed by Nekrasov, Narzikulov, and others, they responded to Khrushchev's call by offering a long-term program of industrialization and presenting the many advantages Tajikistan possessed across numerous sectors: soil rich in precious metals, and possibly oil and gas; a large working-age population; and most important, the availability of cheap electricity from the Vakhsh Cascade, including Nurek, Rogun, and a series of smaller dams.
According to TajikistanEe's State Committee on Investment and State-Owned Property Management (GosKomInvest), Tajikistan plans to supply surplus electricity following the construction of large- and medium-sized hydropower plants on the Vakhsh River.