Valaam Monastery

(redirected from Valamo)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Valaam Monastery

 

(Preobrazhenskii Monastery), located on Valaam Island in Lake Ladoga.

The Valaam Monastery was founded by people from Novgorod no later than the beginning of the 14th century. Situated on the border of Novgorod’s possessions, it served as a fortress, repulsing the attacks of the Swedes on many occasions. It was destroyed by the Swedes in 1611 and restored in 1715 by a ukase of Peter I the Great. The monastery was known for its strict regulations. It was used as a monastic prison. Valaam Monastery was famous for its well-organized farm; there was dairy livestock-raising, orchard cultivation, vegetable raising, fishing, and handicrafts. About 40 small islands with 130 desiatiny (141.7 hectares) of land suitable for sowing and haying belonged to the monastery. The monastery’s farm employed the labor of monks and numerous pilgrims and peasants. Generous payments by the Moscow grand princes and tsars were a substantial item in the income of the monastery. The monastery is preserved as a historical and architectural monument.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The four Swiss accounts from 1968 were closed in February 1970 and the funds transferred to a 'Xandy Foundation' that later grew and morphed into foundations under the names Wintrop, Charis, Scolari, Valamo, Spinus, all of which ended up in a consolidated account known as the Avertina Foundation.
And all our life should be transfigured into a liturgy." (16) The concept was discussed at an Orthodox consultation in Etchmiadzin, Armenia, in September 1975 on "Confessing Christ through the Liturgical Life of the Church Today," which stated in its conclusions that the "Liturgy must not be limited to the celebration in the church but has to be continued in the life of the faithful in all dimensions of life." (17) The term "liturgy after the liturgy" was then used at an Orthodox consultation at New Valamo, Finland, in September 1977, which described it as the "liturgical use of the material world, a transformation of human association in society' into Koinonia." (18)
The works Tihemets created while in nature are spontaneous; she has captured crisp landscapes of Khibiny Mountains near Pegrema, Sortavala, and Valamo, also local human types.
The consolidated ideas linked with Russia, which formed an apparent contrast to the sophisticated Italy, were revealed in Taylor's description of the poor peasants' meal at the monastery of Valamo, where the poor were eating fish and cabbage with "great zeal," "with all the energy of a primitive appetite" ("Ladoga" 534; italics added).
It should be noted, however, that until such time when the practice of the Orthodox Church will be unified, these cases will be decided by each autocephalous Orthodox Church." This statement could be seen as a practical application of an earlier statement of the Joint International Commission (Valamo #30, 1988), which affirmed that ordination is unrepeatable and that "on all the essential points concerning ordination our churches have a common doctrine and practice, even if on certain canonical and disciplinary requirements, such as celibacy, customs can be different because of pastoral and spiritual reasons." Both passages are included in John Borelli and John H.
In 1389, the monk Efrem founded the Valamo Monastery on Holy Island in Lake Ladoga, and around 1395, monks from the Valamo Monastery under Arsenii Konevskii founded the Konevskii Monastery on Konevets Island.
Sometimes we travel six hours to seminars at the New Valamo Monastery in East Finland, to which our group is linked.
Avertina, consolidated from Xandy and Wintrop Foundations, and Charis, Scolari and Valamo Spinus Foundations, had $240,014,084 in its accounts as of Dec.
(6) Orthodox Visions of Ecumenism, compiled by Limouris Gennadios, "Report of an Inter-Orthodox Consultation- 'The Ecumenical Nature of Orthodox Witness', New Valamo, Finland, 24-30 September 1977, p.
(18) The Joint International Commission for Theological Dialogue between the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church approved in its fifth plenary session at the monastery of New Valamo, Finland, June 19-27, 1988, the common statement titled "The Sacrament of Order in the Sacramental Structure of the Church, with Particular Reference to the Importance of the Apostolic Succession for the Sanctification and Unity of the People of God," no.
Avertina, which was consolidated from two foundations previously named Xandy and Wintrop Foundations, and Charis, Scolari and Valamo Spinus Foundations, had $240,014,084 in its accounts as of Dec.