Vîlcea

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vîlcea

 

a district in Rumania, on the southern slopes of the southern Carpathians at the middle course of the Oltul River. Area, 5,700 sq km; population, 379,000 (1968), of whom 22 percent live in cities. Its administrative center is Rîmnicu-Vîlcea. Farming is represented by viticulture (Drăgăsani area), fruit cultivation, and corn, wheat, and tobacco plantings. The main branches of animal husbandry are cattle raising and sheep raising. Mica, rock salt, and oil are extracted in the district. A hydroelectric power plant with a capacity of 500,000 kW is now (1971) under construction on the Lotrul River. There is timber cutting in the mountains. Industry is represented by woodworking, food enterprises (wine, fruit canning, and other industries), leather and foot-wear, chemistry, and building materials. Mineral springs gave rise to the well-known balneological resorts of Băile Govora and Băile Olăne§ti.

IU. A. KRUKOVSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ghiorghe Talau was born at Zatrani, Valcea county on 8th February 1948 and died on 27th January 2018.
In the interwar period, in Valcea County, the peaceful life was "troubled only by the emerging of the papers of different political groups, and that was rarely happening" (Arhivele Olteniei, 1923: 63).
Unlike the situation at the end of 2011, as shown in the figure below, in mid-2012, the herds grew in Dolj, Mehedinti, Gorj, decreased in Olt county and have remained relatively constant in Valcea county (as percentages of the total number of cattle in the region) (PDR-SV-Oltenia-2014-2020).
Its diversity of landforms and natural resources explains industrial-related disparities, in terms of localization: the mining industry in Gorj County, the chemical industry in Valcea County, the metallurgical industry in Olt County, the machine-building industry in Doli and Mehedinti counties.
It was organized by Romania's Ministry of National Education, the Mathematical Society of Romania and the Valcea County School Inspectorate.
A total of 561 students from all over Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova, Serbia, Indonesia and the Philippines joined the competition organized by Romania's Ministry of National Education, Mathematical Society of Romania, Valcea County School Inspectorate and Valcea Teacher Training.
If at the beginning of the analysed period, the villages in Valcea county hosted almost all rural tourists in the region (87%), the remaining being in Gorj, nowadays there are significant changes: the proportion of nights spent over by tourists in Gorj villages out passed that in Valcea (51% and 29%, respectively), whilst villages from Mehedinti also had an important share (20%).
In this article, we have proposed ourselves to research, beyond an electoral analysis of the Romanian presidential elections from 2014, the phenomenon from Valcea County. When writing the material, we decided to analyse the past ballots, the polls and to consult the electronic data basis, which contain specialised publications, useful for the chosen theme.
The minimum level for the first region, R1, is reached by Valcea County in 1998 and for region R2 by Arad County in 2002.