Waldemar II

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Waldemar II,

1170–1241, king of Denmark (1202–41), second son of Waldemar I. In the reign of his brother, Canute VI, he defended Denmark from German aggression and then extended Danish control over Schwerin. After his accession, the king of Norway paid him homage (1204). When his German conquests had been confirmed (1214) by Frederick II, the German king, he undertook a crusade against the Estonians and became master of much of the Baltic region. In 1223 he was treacherously seized by his vassal the count of Schwerin and held prisoner for three years. He was released only after he had been forced to relinquish much of his territory. He then attempted a reconquest, but was defeated (1227) at Bornhöved and spent the remainder of his life in codifying Danish law and in forwarding internal reform. He was succeeded by his son, Eric IV.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The downfall of King Valdemar II and the dissolution of his entire Baltic Sea Empire seem typical of the lifetime of Arild Huitfeldt, (41) but perhaps it derives further back to the Middle Ages, as biblical motifs might easily have supported such neat moralistic argumentation.
Holberg repeats Huitfeldt's mistake, staging again the battlefield of King Valdemar II in 1219 in Wolmar.
On the contrary, in the eyes of Holberg, it only improved King Valdemar II's position as an indisputable national hero that he had not shown reverence to Saint Niels (i.e.
Ludvig Holberg manages to make King Valdemar II not only ruler of Estonia, but Curonia, Livonia and Prussia, too.
The great success of King Valdemar II, but subsequent ruin to his Empire is, according to Holberg: one of the greatest examples in history of fortune's inconsistency.
When Suhm assumed that Valdemar II must have demanded extraordinary taxes of his people to pay for all the expeditions (62), we may see a reflection of the expensive arms race in the monarchy Denmark-Norway-Holstein during the 18th century.
This author was no stranger to criticism against royal power as such, or to King Valdemar II 'the Victorious', or to imperialistic Danish assertions.
Suhm as every other Danish historian took pride in emphasising how King Valdemar II enjoyed a firm support from the popes and the office of the Holy See, (80) but he also stressed the weak support among the King's vassals, apart from the Prince of Rugen ...