Waldemar IV

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Waldemar IV

(Valdemar Atterdag), c.1320–1375, king of Denmark (1340–75). He became king of a land completely dismembered by foreign rulers, but his ambition, unscrupulousness, and military ability enabled him to unite his kingdom by 1361. Waldemar IV married his daughter Margaret IMargaret I,
1353–1412, queen of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, daughter of Waldemar IV of Denmark. She was married (1363) to King Haakon VI of Norway, son of Magnus VII of Norway and Sweden.
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 to Haakon VI, king of Norway, in an effort to unite Denmark and Norway. He interfered in Germany on behalf of his kinsman, the margrave of Brandenburg. His conquest of Skane, in violation of a treaty with the Swedish king, gave him control of the lucrative fishing industry, and his defeat (1362) of the Hanseatic LeagueHanseatic League
, mercantile league of medieval German towns. It was amorphous in character; its origin cannot be dated exactly. Originally a Hansa was a company of merchants trading with foreign lands.
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 secured him temporary possession of GotlandGotland
, Swed. Gotlands län, county (1995 pop. 58,240), 1,225 sq mi (3,173 sq km), SE Sweden, in the Baltic Sea. The county comprises the large island of Gotland and several smaller islands, including Fårön, Gotska Sandön, and Karlsö.
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. In 1368, however, the Hanseatic towns, Mecklenburg, Sweden, and Holstein formed a coalition against him. Defeated, Waldemar was forced to consent (1370) to the humiliating Treaty of Stralsund, which granted freedom of trade in Denmark to the Hanseatic League. He was succeeded by Margaret's son, Olaf, under his parents' regency.

Bibliography

See F. Pratt, The Third King (1950).

References in periodicals archive ?
King Christopher II, father of King Valdemar IV, had in a charter to his Estonian vassals (26) bound himself and his descendants never to conclude such actions.
The fact that King Valdemar IV (1340-1375) went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, only few years after the sale of Estonia, convinced Huitfeldt that King Valdemar IV simply spent the remaining money, received from the sale of Estonia, on this adventure.
After another reference to the loss of money and domestic needs, Holberg agrees with his predecessor Huitfeldt in criticising King Valdemar IV's pilgrimage to Jerusalem, as untimely devotion, not only squandering money, but in contradiction with the king's entire character and general lack of bigotry: ...