valeric acid

(redirected from Valeric)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

valeric acid

[və′lir·ik ′as·əd]
(organic chemistry)
CH3(CH2)3COOH A combustible, toxic, colorless liquid with a penetrating aroma; soluble in water, alcohol, and ether; boils at 185°C; used to make flavors, perfumes, lubricants, plasticizers, and pharmaceuticals. Also known as valerianic acid.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
As external standard, a composed solution of acetic, propionic, butyric and valeric acid was used.
Changes in the concentrations of straight-chain (acetic, propionic, butyric, valeric, and hexanoic) and branched chain (isobutyric, isovaleric) VFAs were monitored (Table 2).
From decomposed sewage or wastewater in these cesspits, inorganic acids including hydrogen sulfide or organic acids including acetic acid and valeric acid may be produced, and these acids accelerate corrosion of concrete.
Source Valproic acid (VPA) 99-66-1 1 2-Ethylhexanoic acid 149-57-5 2 Octanoic acid 124-07-2 3 Valeric acid 109-52-4 4 2-Methyl butyric acid 623-42-7 5 trans-2-Pentenoic acid 13991-37-2 No.
Samples R-MA-11 to MA-20-R (with the exception of sample MA-R-15), contained valeric aldehyde and hexyl.
Valeric acid has been widely used in perfumes and cosmetics industries due to its pleasant odour.
Also, it has to be mentioned that the valproic acid is a carboxylic acid and a valeric acid analog, known as an antidepressant and anticonvulsive agent, being used in the treatment of epilepsy, various bipolar disorders or depression.
In most cases, 3HV production requires the application of structurally related precursor substrates like propionic acid or valeric acid; these precursors significantly raise the production costs.