validity

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validity

[və′lid·əd·ē]
(mathematics)
Correctness; especially the degree of closeness by which iterated results approach the correct result.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

validity

the extent to which a measure, indicator or method of data collection possesses the quality of being sound or true as far as can be judged. For example, if a psychological measure, such as an intelligence test, is considered to be valid, this means that it is thought to measure what it sets out to measure. If social survey observations are said to have produced valid data, then they are considered to be true reflection of the phenomenon being studied in the population being studied (e.g. projections of voting behaviour), and the survey method could be said to have validity. Compare RELIABILITY.

In practice, in sociology and the social sciences generally, the relation between indicators and measures on the one hand and the underlying concepts they are taken to represent is often contested (see OFFICIAL STATISTICS, MEASUREMENT BY FIAT).

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
Three of 10 Filipinos, or 37 percent, of those surveyed agree that the possibility an innocent person could be sentenced to death is a valid argument against the death penalty reimposition: 'The possibility that an innocent person can be sentenced to death or be meted the death penalty is a good reason not to reimpose this law (Ang posibilidad na mahatulan ang isang inosenteng tao ng parusang kamatayan o death penalty ay magandang dahilan para hindi ibalik ang batas na ito).'
I believe there is a valid argument that, in many cases, Africa's educational system does not suit local requirements.
The writers call themselves "pro-European," but affirm their belief in the "merit of informed debate regardless of the origin of a valid argument." Posts are informative, well-thought out and interesting.
Okay, so there's the vaguely valid argument of people being paid what their contractually due.
All suggestions which could generate a valid argument.
Section A provides that the purpose is to "resolve the problems of insured credit unions at the least possible long-term loss to the fund." A valid argument has been made that secondary capital, if allowed, would satisfy Section A and the short-and long-term losses to the fund could be mitigated.
That might not be a valid argument, but to simply ignore it smacks of the same cultural imperialism that O'Barry has been accused of.
There isn't a valid argument on safety; pistols are as safe as long guns mechanically.
He is far better than that, though, and a valid argument could be made that the ground went against him that day.
Gorsky constructed what she thought would be a valid argument to avoid sex (at least with her husband) for the rest of her life.
After explicating the arguments Salerno and Tennant attribute to Dummett, the author shows how broader attention to Dummett's writings on the theory of meaning allows one to discern, and formalize, a valid argument for logical revision.