Valle Inclán, Ramón del
Valle Inclán, Ramón del(rämōn` dĕl vä`lyā ēnklän`), 1866–1936, Spanish writer, a member of the Generation of '98Generation of '98,
Spanish literary and cultural movement in the first two decades of the 20th cent. It was so named by Azorín (see Martínez Ruiz, José) in 1913 to designate a group of young writers who, in the face of defeat (1898) in the Spanish-American
..... Click the link for more information. . Valle Inclán was deeply influenced by foreign literary trends, especially by modernismomodernismo
, movement in Spanish literature that had its beginning in Latin America. It was paramount in the last decade of the 19th cent. and the first decade of the 20th cent.
Modernismo derived from French symbolism and the Parnassian school.
..... Click the link for more information. . An eccentric who cultivated bizarre legends about himself, he published a collection of sensational, erotic tales, Femeninas (1895). He used himself as the model for the old libertine hero of his Sonatas (1902–5, tr. The Pleasant Memoirs of the Marquis de Bradomín, 1924). His symbolist aesthetic is expressed in his poetic works such as Aromas de leyenda (1907). Among his plays are Águila de blasón [eagle of honor] (1907), in prose, and La Marquesa Rosalinda (1913) in verse. In his later works he satirized Spanish life in grotesque caricatures that he called esperpentos. Reminiscent of the nightmare etchings of Goya, these include Luces de Bohemia (1920).
See studies by R. Lima (1972) and J. Lyon (1983).