Vallejo, Mariano Guadalupe

Vallejo, Mariano Guadalupe,

1807–90, Mexican-American political and military leader, b. Monterey, Calif. He entered the Mexican military in 1824 and was appointed to the territorial legislature in 1829. Vallejo became commander of the Presidio of San Francisco in 1833, founded Sonoma, and was granted Rancho Petaluma in 1834. Vallejo was put in charge of colonizing and defending N California (1835), oversaw the building of the Presidio of Sonoma, and was promoted to colonel and named military governor of Alta California (1836–42). In 1846 he was taken prisoner during the Bear Flag republic revolted engineered by John C. FrémontFrémont, John Charles,
1813–90, American explorer, soldier, and political leader, b. Savannah, Ga. He taught mathematics to U.S. naval cadets, then became an assistant on a surveying expedition (1838–39) between the upper Mississippi River and the Missouri.
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. After the Mexican WarMexican War,
1846–48, armed conflict between the United States and Mexico. Causes

While the immediate cause of the war was the U.S. annexation of Texas (Dec., 1845), other factors had disturbed peaceful relations between the two republics.
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, Vallejo served in California's constitutional convention and was elected (1850) to the state senate. He donated land for the state capital at VallejoVallejo
, city (1990 pop. 109,199), Solano co., W Calif., on San Pablo Bay at the mouth of the Napa River; inc. 1866. It is a port and a trade and processing center for farm products; flour-milling and meatpacking are significant industries.
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, but it was later moved to Sacramento. Vallejo, like many Mexican-Americans, ultimately was cheated out of much of his land by Anglo-Americans.


See biographies by M. Emparan (1968) and A. Rosenus (1999).