Valles Caldera National Preserve


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Valles Caldera National Preserve

(vä`yās), 88,900 acres (36,000 hectares), N N.Mex.; est. 2000. Formerly part of the vast, privately owned Baca Ranch, the preserve lies at the heart of the Valle Grande (Jemez) Mountains and encompasses most of a 12–15 mi- (19–24 km-) wide circular caldera, a sunken volcano formed by the collapse of volcanic domes after two massive eruptions about 1.6 and 1.2 million years ago. The basin is some 3,000 ft (915 m) deep, measured from the surrounding rim, which encircles several lava-dome mountains. The landscape is mainly a mixture of grasslands and forested mountains, cut by numerous streams. Like other calderas, it has hot springs, gas vents, and other volcanic features. Wildlife include 17 threatened or endangered species such as the Mexican spotted owl, goshawk, Jemez Mountains salamander, and Rio Grande cutthroat trout. The preserve also is home to elk, mule deer, black bears, mountain lions, coyotes, bobcats, and other mammals, and golden and bald eagles and other birds.
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Categories: Natural Resources, Conservation, Federal corporations, Federal property management, Financial management, Financial statement audits, Forest management, Funds management, Internal controls, Land management, Monitoring, Natural resources, Recreation, Reporting requirements, Schedule slippages, Strategic planning, Valles Caldera (NM), Valles Caldera National Preserve
Valles Caldera National Preserve will begin making improvements to the preserves main entrance road starting next Tuesday, May 30.
A signed fence on Rabbit Ridge delineates Park Service land from Valles Caldera National Preserve, two separately managed parcels that have something in common: The ash spewed in one of Valles Caldera's eruptive fits created Bandelier's tuff, the chalky stone that ancestral Puebloans carved into dwellings.
Transferring management of the Valles Caldera National Preserve to the National Park Service will be the best way to ensure the protection and enjoyment of the preserve over the long term," Bingaman said in a speech to the U.
Deep in New Mexico's Jemez Mountains and 60 miles north of Albuquerque, the Valles Caldera National Preserve gives skiers and snowshoers jaw-dropping scenery--and almost guaranteed solitude--at bargain rates.