Vallotton, Félix

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Vallotton, Félix

(fālēks` välətôN`), 1865–1925, Swiss woodcut artist and painter. Associated with the NabisNabis
[Heb.,=prophets], a group of artists in France active during the 1890s. Paul Sérusier and Maurice Denis were the principal theorists of the group. Outstanding members were Édouard Vuillard, Pierre Bonnard, Aristide Maillol, Félix Vallotton, and the
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, he worked in Paris. In the 1890s Vallotton rejuvenated the woodcut as a creative technique, e.g. The Demonstration (1893, Metropolitan Mus.). His boldly cut designs, conceived as arrangements in black and white, depict Parisian society with wit and intelligence, and often illustrated popular periodicals. Many of his finest paintings were executed in the late 1890s and early 1900s. The Metropolitan Museum has a number of his woodcuts.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vallotton, Félix

 

Born Dec. 28, 1865, in Lausanne; died Dec. 29, 1925, in Paris. Swiss graphic artist and painter who worked in France.

Vallotton studied at the Julian Academy in Paris. During the years 1891-98 he worked primarily in the technique of wood engraving. His psychologically expressive portraits of writers (the woodcut Dostoevsky, 1895) and the spiritually revealing scenes from Parisian life (the series Story of a Certain Crime and Intimacy), constructed by means of a tense combination of white and deep black spots, are extremely laconic. Later Vallotton painted nudes, interiors, and landscapes in which forms are reproduced with a cold precision and in a sharply patterned space (Model Undressing, 1904, P. Vallotton Gallery, Lausanne).

REFERENCESS

Shchekatikhin, N. N. Feliks Vallotton. Moscow, 1920.
Brodskaia, N. “Graviury F. Vallottona.” Iskusstvo, 1966, no. 10.
Jourdain, F. Félix Vallotton. Dresden [1967].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.