Valtellina


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Valtellina

(vältāl-lē`nä), Alpine valley of the upper Adda River, c.75 mi (120 km) long, in Lombardy, N Italy, extending from Lake Como to the Stelvio Pass. The main towns are Sondrio and Tirano. The valley is a fertile agricultural region, known for its wine. With the adjoining counties of Bormio and ChiavennaChiavenna
, town (1991 pop. 7,365), Lombardy, N Italy. It is a commercial center and transportation junction. Historically a strategic point, it commands both the Splügen and Maloja passes between Italy and Switzerland.
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, the Valtellina was seized (1512) from Milan by the GrisonsGrisons
, Ger. Graubünden, Ital. Grigioni, Romansch Grischun, canton (1990 pop. 169,005), 2,746 sq mi (7,112 sq km), E Switzerland, bordering on Italy and Austria. Chur is the capital.
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, which subsequently ruled the district—its richest and most populous possession—as a subject territory. By the start of the Thirty Years War (1618–48), the stoutly Roman Catholic inhabitants of the Valtellina were ready for revolt against the Grisons, the majority of whose population was Protestant; in 1620 they rose and massacred their Protestant masters. These internal troubles quickly assumed European proportions, because the valley commanded the passages between Austria and the Grisons and Venice and Spanish-held Milan. The Valtellina became the pawn of the participants in the Thirty Years War and the victim of their complicated intrigues. The massacre of 1620 led to a series of military interventions by Spain, Austria, the pope, the Catholic party of the Grisons, France, and the Protestant majority of the Grisons (largely financed by Venice). The valley was sacked in turn by these armies and in 1627 passed under Spanish control; transportation of Spanish reinforcements through the Valtellina into Germany contributed to several victories by the imperial party, notably at Nördlingen (1634). When France fully entered the war on the Protestant side, a French army was again dispatched (1635) to the Valtellina. Henri de RohanRohan, Henri, duc de
, 1579–1638, French Protestant general; son-in-law of the duc de Sully. A leader of the Huguenots, Rohan took up arms against the French government in 1621–22 as a consequence of the reestablishment of Roman Catholicism in Béarn.
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 conquered the valley but failed to restore it to the full control of his Grisons allies. Incensed, the Grisons Protestants, led by the preacher-soldier George Jenatsch, secretly negotiated with the Catholic powers, who promised to restore the Valtellina to the Grisons if the French were expelled. However, Rohan, ill and weakly supported by the French government, had to evacuate the Grisons in 1637. By the Peace of Milan (1639) the Grisons fully recovered the Valtellina; it remained in the Grisons until 1797, when it was incorporated into the Cisalpine Republic. The Valtellina passed (1815) to the Lombardo-Venetian kingdom (held by Austria), and later it passed (1859) to Italy.
References in periodicals archive ?
He devised the plans of the electric traction of the Valtellina railway in Italy, which was the first high-voltage railway in the world to operate on alternating current.
There, in Valtellina, unfolds the wartime love story of partisan Sandro and villager Angela.
Also new are more wines from regions like Valtellina, Valle d'Aosta, Campania and Sicily.
Located on the Alta Valtellina and surrounded by green woods and amazing snowy mountains, this town belonging to the province of Sondrio is waiting for you with almost 160 km of skiing paths, several alpine itineraries to be crossed both during summer and winter, thousands of events to be done on the snow and the most fashionable of the aprs-ski.
The antipasti (starters) of bresaola, an aged, air-dried salted beef originating in Valtellina, a valley in the Alps of northern Italy's Lombardy region, was served alongside rocket and small veal slices topped with tuna and capers.
Guests can enjoy dishes from Socialista's sister restaurant, Cipriani, including Pizza with Burrata, Rucola and Black Truffle , and Pizza "Valtellina" with Bresaola and Rucola, providing the ideal sustenance to snack on while enjoying the music.
In the last decades many automatic weather stations (AWS) have been positioned over glaciers and other high-elevated sites (e.g., at Forni Glacier in Valtellina (SO) [27]).
En esa sola noche vuela hasta Turquia y, tras volver disfrazado <<con el traje del pais>>, le explica a don Cleofas--al inicio del tranco v--su viaje por los Cantones de Suiza, la Valtellina y Ginebra, acabando por fin en Venecia, enredando en cuestiones de espias:
For late night drinks stop by the bohemian Mag Cafe, or to party head to club Alcatraz on Via Valtellina, which hosts club nights and fashion shows.
II; y WENDLAND, A.: Passi alpini e salvezza delle anime: la Spagna, Milano e la lottaper la Valtellina, 1620-1641, Sondrio, L'Officina del Libro, 1999.
(1) Department of Diagnostic Services, ASST Valtellina e Alto Lario, Sondrio, Italy
Rita Hills 2 0.15 86.85 Stags Leap District 1 0.08 86.92 Stellenbosch 12 0.92 87.85 Swartland 3 0.23 88.08 Taurasi 1 0.08 88.15 Tavel 1 0.08 88.23 Tokaji 6 0.46 88.69 Toro 7 0.54 89.23 Toscana 26 2.00 91.23 Turtles 1 0.08 91.31 Uco Valley 5 0.38 91.69 Vacqueyras 7 0.54 92.23 Valdeorras 4 0.31 92.54 Valpolicella Superiore 1 0.08 92.62 Valtellina Superiore 2 0.15 92.77 Veneto 1 0.08 92.85 Venezia-Giulia 2 0.15 93.00 Verona 4 0.31 93.31 Victoria 6 0.46 93.77 Vigneti delle Dolomiti 1 0.08 93.85 Vin de Pays du Var 1 0.08 93.92 St.