Vamana


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vamana

 

Years of birth and death unknown. Indian theoretician of literature of the second half of the eighth to the first half of the ninth centuries.

Vamana was the author of the treatise Kavyalankara (Sutra on Poetic Embellishments), which consisted of three parts and was written in the form of aphorisms (sutras) with glosses (vritti). Vamana believed that the riti (poetic styles) were the soul of poetry. He distinguished three forms of riti: Pancali, which is marked by a tender, sweet sound; Gaudi, which is distinguished by brilliant, forceful poetic expression; and Vaidarbhi, which combines all the qualities of poetic speech and is considered the perfect form.

REFERENCES

De, S. K. Studies in the History of Sanskrit Poetics, vols. 1-2. London, 1923-25.
Kane, P. V. “History of Sanskrit Poetics.” In Visvanatha Sahityadarpana. Bombay, 1951.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The third carving depicts many deities in green with inscriptions and animals, including Vishnu, Vamana and Shiva.
So, poets should avoid even inadvertently inauspicious meanings (amahgalartha); from Vamana's Kavyalahkara onward, such usages are basically categorized as a variety of distasteful or offensive (aslila) diction.
(2012) reported that Curcuma vamana Sabu and Mangaly cultivated on MS medium supplemented with 0.5 mgL-1 TDZ gave the highest shoot induction (9.6 per explant).
The Hindu deity Vishnu, upon the insistence of other deities, comes to Maveli dressed as a Brahmin boy named Vamana and asks for a boon of land, measured by three footsteps.
It is a 10-day long festival that falls during the Malayalam month of Chingam, marking the remembrance of Vamana Avatara of God Vishnu and debarkation of the legendary king Mahabali.
At the same time RSS mouth piece Kesari carried an article which said that there is no reference or description in mythology books which can support the story that Mahabali was pushed to the netherworld by Vamana. According to their version there is no mention of Mahabali's annual homecoming in the Malayalam month of Chingam.
Various panchkarma procedures that are administered include Katibasti, Grivabasti, Patrapinda Sweda, Churanpinda Sweda, Balukapotli Sweda, Udavartanama, Abhyanga, Nadi Sweda, Sarvanga Abhyanga, Vashapa Sweda, Shirodhara, Shirobasti, Nasaya, Vamana, Virechana, Basti, etc.
The festival marks the commemoration of Vamana avatar of Vishnu and the subsequent homecoming of mythical King Mahabali.
In Vamana therapy, it is used as emetic (Vantikrut) while in dyspepsia, it is employed as an appetizer (Vanhikrut) (Chunekar and Pandey 1998).
The Matsya, Kurma, Vamana, Balarama, Buddha and Kalki incarnations of Vishnu are sculpted in small size, not in sequence, appearing wherever space is available.