(redirected from Van Tromp)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the name of two Dutch admirals.

Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp. Born Apr. 23, 1598, in Brielle; died Aug. 10,1653, near Terheijden. Lieutenant admiral of Holland (1637).

In 1624, Tromp received his first command as captain of a ship of the line; during the 1630’s he commanded a squadron, and in 1639 he defeated the combined Spanish and Portuguese fleets in the English Channel. During the First Dutch War (1652–54), Tromp was commander in chief of a fleet of the United Provinces. In December 1652 he defeated the English admiral R. Blake near Dungeness in the Straight of Dover, but in February 1653 Tromp suffered defeat near Portland. He died in battle.

Cornelis Tromp. Born Sept. 9, 1629, in Rotterdam; died May 29, 1691, in Amsterdam. Lieutenant admiral of Holland (1676). Son of H. Tromp.

In 1653, Tromp was promoted to rear admiral. He fought in the Second and Third Dutch wars (1665–67 and 1672–74) and in the wars against France and Sweden from 1672 to 1678. In the battle of the Texel (1673) he commanded the rear guard of the Dutch fleet. In 1676, Tromp became commander in chief of the fleet of the United Provinces.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Also on This Day: 1653: Admiral Blakedefeated the Dutch fleet under Van Tromp of Portsmouth; 1694: birth of French playwright, poet, historian and philosopher Voltaire; 1861: violent storms hit England, damaging Crystal Palace and blowing the steeple off Chichester Cathedral; 1947: Lord Louis Mountbatten was appointed the last Viceroy of India; 1985: the Irish Republic made sales of contraceptives legal for the first time.
Maarten van Tromp at the battle of the Downs (October 21, 1639), losing most of his ships; died the following year, possibly from wounds suffered at the Downs (1640).
Anniversaries: 490BC: The Greeks defeated the Persians at Battle of Marathon; 1652: Admiral Blake defeated Dutch Admiral Van Tromp off Dover; 1745: God Save the King sung for the first time at Drury Lane Theatre, London; 1870: Thirteen-year-old jockey Fred Archer on Athol Daisy at Chesterfield rode the first of his 2,748 winners; 1894: First Marks & Spencer shop opened in Manchester; 1923: The Radio Times was first published; 1939: German forces reached Warsaw; 1964: Death of American comedian Arthur "Harpo" Marx; 1973: Death of poet and playwright WH Auden; 1994: Ferry Estonia sank in the Baltic Sea with the loss of 910 lives.
Anniversaries: 10th: Around 500 people reported dead after torrential rain caused flooding in Rio de Janeriro; 60th: Anthony Eden resigned as Foreign Secretary; 110th: Birth of Dame Marie Rambert, founder of Ballet Rambert, Britain's oldest ballet company; 345th: Admiral Blake defeated the Dutch fleet under Van Tromp off Portsmouth.
Cornelis van Tromp was not the naval commander his father was, and his career was marred by a long-running quarrel with Ruyter; nevertheless he was an extraordinarily able subordinate, bold and tenacious, and usually a good leader on his own.
Birth and early career unknown; served under Maarten van Tromp during the First Anglo-Dutch War, and commanded a ship at Gabbard Bank (June 2-3, 1653); promoted rear admiral, he led a squadron to aid Holland's Danish allies in their war with Sweden, and defeated a Swedish fleet at Copenhagen (November 7, 1658); knighted by King Frederick III of Denmark for this victory there; appointed lieutenant admiral of the Meuse on the eve of renewed war with England (January 24, 1665); commanded a squadron of Opdam's fleet at Lowestoft, where he was killed when his flagship was sunk by the English (June 13); he was later honored with a monument.