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Vardar(vär`där), river, c.240 mi (390 km) long, rising in the Šar Planina, North Macedonia, and flowing northeast then southeast in a fertile valley, past Skopje, through NE Greece to the Aegean Sea near Thessaloníki. The Vardar valley forms part of the principal corridor of the Balkan Peninsula.
a river in Yugoslavia and Greece. Length, 388 km; basin area, 25,400 sq km. Its sources are in the Macedonian Mountains (the šar Planina and Suha Gora ranges). It flows through intermontane depressions separated by canyons into the Gulf of Thermaikos in the Aegean Sea. The highest water levels are reached in autumn, winter, and spring. From July to September, the water level is low. The average discharge of water near the river’s exit to the Salonika Lowland is 151 cu m per sec. The bed is filled by landslides in its lower course. The cities of Skopje and Titov Veles (both in Yugoslavia) are located on the Vardar.