Varenius, Bernhardus(bŭrnhär`dəs vərē`nēəs), or
Bernhard Varen(bĕrn`härt fä`rən), 1622–50, Dutch geographer. He studied to be a physician, but instead focused on geography. His first work was a geography and history of Japan, Descriptio regni Iaponiae (1649). He is best known for his Geographia generalis (1650), standard for a century and translated into many languages. Newton used part of it in the production of the English Cambridge edition (1682) and incorporated the work into his teaching. Varenius attempted to define the field of geography as a science and to classify, organize, and coordinate its branches.
(Bernhard Varen). Born 1622 in Hanover; died 1650 or 1651 in Leiden. Dutch geographer. Varenius was the author of Geographia Generalis, in which, from a systematized knowledge of the earth, he first made the distinction between general and special (regional) geography. The first edition of his book appeared in Amsterdam in 1650, and the second and third in 1672 and 1681 in Cambridge, edited by Newton. In the reign of Peter I, the book was translated into Russian and issued under the title General Geography, the Celestial and Terrestrial-Maritime Regions Together With Their Properties and Occurrences Therein, Described in Three Volumes (1718).