Varona, Enrique José

Varona, Enrique José


Born Apr. 13, 1849, in Camaguey; died Nov. 19, 1933, in Havana. Cuban public figure, a writer and scholar.

Varona participated in the War of Independence (1895-98). From 1913 to 1917 he was vice-president of the Cuban Republic. His historical-literary, and sociological works, despite their concessions to positivism, are written from a fundamentally materialist position. His collection of verses Anacreontic Odes (1868) consists of translations of ancient Greek poets. In the collections Verses (1878), Cuban Landscapes (1879), and Verses in Prose (1921) Varona portrayed Cuban natural features and everyday life.


Obras, vols. 1-4. Havana, 1936-38.
In Russian translation:
(Articles.) In Progressivnye mysliteli Latinskoi Ameriki. Moscow, 1965.


Lizaso, F. El pensamiento vivo de Varona. Buenos Aires, 1949.
Vitier, M. Enrique José Varona, su pensamiento representativo. Havana, 1949.
Sánchez Reulet, A. Centenario de Varona. Washington, D.C., 1950.
Homenaje a E. J. Varona en el centenario de su natalicio, vols. 1-2. Havana, 1951.

Z. I. PLAVSKIN [4 -919 -4]