Varzuga

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Varzuga

 

a river in the southern part of the Kola Peninsula (Murmansk Oblast, RSFSR); flows into the White Sea. Length, 254 km; basin area, 9,840 sq km. In its middle and lower course the Varzuga has many rapids, of which the largest is the Padun (with three waterfalls). The Varzuga is fed predominantly by snow. In spring the water level rises by 2-2.5 m. The average year-round water discharge is 77 cu m per sec; in May and June this discharge reaches 300 cu m per sec. The river freezes over in October and opens up again in May. Lumber can be floated down the river.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Today, large Russian populations of Margaritifera margaritifera remain only in the Keret River in Karelia and the Varzuga River on the Kola Peninsula (~6 and ~140 million mussels, respectively; see Figure 5; S.
Varzuga village, situated about 30 km inland from the mouth of Varzuga River, is an important religious centre for the White Sea coast.
Kuzomen village, situated at the mouth of Varzuga River on the White Sea, was once also a local salmon fishing centre (and consequently a source of pearls).
They were made available by Russian fisheries biologist Valeriy Ziuganov, who obtained them during his studies of the Varzuga River. The pearls were examined using a gemmological microscope and the UV lamp mentioned above, and radiographs were taken with a Kodak 2200 digital X-ray system (60-70 kV, 49 W).
A limited number of Russian freshwater pearl samples was available for study, including several 18th-19th century objects from museums in St Petersburg and Umba, a necklace from the 1920s and three loose pearls collected from the Varzuga River in the 1990s.
The recreational fishery for Atlantic salmon and the ecology of salmon and pearl mussels in the Varzuga River, northwest Russia.