Max Vasmer

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vasmer, Max


Born Feb. 28, 1886, in St. Petersburg; died Nov. 30, 1962, in West Berlin. German philologist, Slavicist, and specialist in Balkan studies.

Vasmer graduated from the University of St. Petersburg, where he taught beginning in 1909. He later taught at the universities of Saratov (1917), Tartu (1918–21), Leipzig (1921–24), Berlin (1925–47), and Stockholm (1947–49). Vasmer’s chief works dealt with the linguistic contacts between the Slavs and the Greeks, Iranians, and Turkic and Finno-Ugric peoples, the migrations and settling of the Slavic, Baltic, Iranian, and FinnoUgric peoples in Eastern Europe, East European anthroponymy and toponymy, and the influence of the Slavic languages on Albanian and other languages.

Vasmer’s most important work was his etymological dictionary of the Russian language (vols. 1–3, 1950–58), the most comprehensive and linguistically reliable dictionary of its kind. Vasmer also founded and edited the Zeitschrift für slavische Philologie (since 1925), supervised the publication of one of the first reverse dictionaries of Russian, and edited the Dictionary of Russian Hydronomy as well as a compilation of all known Russian geographical names.

Vasmer was elected a foreign corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in 1928. He published a series of monographs on the philology and culture of the Slavic peoples (vols. 1–10, 1925–33).


Beiträge zur historischen Völkerkunde Osteuropas, vols. 1–4. Berlin, 1932–36.
Studien zur albanesischen Wortforschung. Dorpat, 1921—.
Russisches geographisches Namenbuch, vols. 1–7. Wiesbaden, 1962–75.
In Russian translation:
Greko-slavianskie etiudy, vols. 1–3. St. Petersburg, 1906–09.
Etimologicheskii slovar’ russkogo iazyka, vols. 1–4. With a supplement by O. N. Trubachev. Moscow, 1964–73.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Councillor David Vasmer, who is helping lead the campaign, said: "I am very concerned about the number of patients that have still not registered with another practice.
Councillor David Vasmer challenged authority leader Peter Nutting at a full council meeting at Shirehall, after Councillor Nutting spoke about the financial outturn for 2018/19.
Hierfur bietet sich das topoderivative, besonders Hydronyme motivierende finnische Appellativ vento 'langsam, friedlich, tief; nass, feucht (Oberflache, Sumpf; langsam flie[beta]end (Wasser, Fluss, Flussgrund)' in ester Linie an, welches Julius Magiste und nach ihm Max Vasmer bei der Erlauterung zur Herkunft des Oikonyms und Hydronyms Vjatka ([phrase omitted]) herangezogen haben, wie auch Vent-stammige finnische Hydronyme (ca.
Parti Dyffryn Clwyd, Denbigh; 2 Amor, Ynys Mon; 3 Parti Mared, Bodedern | Women's choir with over 20 members: 1 Lleisiau Mignedd, Dyffryn Nantlle; 2 Harmoni, Ynys Mon | Osborne Roberts Scholarship: John Ieuan Jones, Colwyn Bay | Piano solo over 19: 1 Gwenno Glyn, Bontnewydd; 2 Anne Collard, Newbridge; 3 Mike Vasmer, London | Woodwind solo over 19: 1 Enlli Parri, Cardiff; 2 Nicholas Sabisky, Betws-y-Coed; 3 Timothy Petts, Gaerwen | Storytelling: 1 Gwyn Williams, Rhyl; 2 Ifan Wyn, Llangefni; 3 William Sion, Amlwch | Folk dance party under 25: 1 Dawnswyr Talog, Carmarthen | Solo from a musical over 19: 1 Mared Elin Williams, Llanfair Talhaearn; 2 Lloyd Macey, Rhondda; 3 Glain Rhys, Bala | Richard Burton Prize for those aged 16-25: 1.
Among the owners reporting a jump in business since having two hot tubs installed by Gareth's company are David and Rachael Vasmer who over the past few years have spent a small fortune on stylishly renovating their two holiday cottages overlooking the Vale of Clwyd not far from Pwllglas.
According to Vasmer, the male personal name Bojan probably comes from bojb (VASM s.v.
and Megan Williams Llandyrnog PIANO SOLO 12-15: Sara Davies, Old Colwyn RECITATION PARTY U12: Ysgol Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd DIALOGUE U15: Sara a Ryan Davies, Old Colwyn MODERN SONG GROUP U15: Y Dydd Sadyrne, Ysgol Pen Barras SOLO 15-21: Steffan Rhys Hughes, Llandyrnog RECITATION 15-21: Steffan Rhys Hughes CERDD DANT SOLO 15-21: Angharad Rowlands, Denbigh SOLO FROM MUSICAL: Steffan Rhys Hughes DUET COMPETITION 2011: Angharad Rowlands and Steffan Rhys Hughes INSTRUMENTAL SOLO 12-25: Michael Vasmer, Pwllglas SOLO OVER 50: Arthur Wyn, Groeslon OPEN HUMOROUS RECITATION: Robert Douglas Owen Llanfair T.H.
It could however be explained by derivation from Indo-European as well, from an IE *[h.sub.2]oui-no-s, as in Baltic *awinas > Lith avinas, Lett avins, auns, OPruss awins and OS1 ovlnu all: 'ram' (Vasmer 111:113, "from an old Indo-European augmentative") and as adjective in Latin ovlnus 'ovine'.
Rachael Vasmer, a partner with Wrexham-based Walker Smith Way, said: "Life is extremely difficult for Angelique and her family.
Alternatively, it has been seen merely as a combination of the negative ne plus the interrogative pronoun cito 'what', with (somewhat mysterious) 'affective' secondary lengthening of the first vowel (Trubacev 1997: xxiv.92-93; see also Vasmer 1953: 209).
After the judgment, family solicitor Rachael Vasmer said the money was one of the largest sums to be awarded for medical negligence.
105, provide `vladeiushchii mirom.' Max Vasmer, Russisches etymologisches Worterbuch (Heidelberg, 1953), I, p.