Vatican Library


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Vatican Library

or

Vatican Apostolic Library,

in Rome, founded in the 4th cent. but dormant until given new life in the 15th cent. by Pope Nicholas V. It is the oldest public library in Europe and one of the chief libraries of the world. It is constituted primarily as a manuscript library. The first major librarian, Platina (Bartolommeo de' Sacchi), made a catalog of some 2,500 volumes. The library now holds more than 150,000 manuscripts and more than 1.6 million printed books, including some 8,300 incunabulaincunabula
, plural of incunabulum
[Late Lat.,=cradle (books); i.e., books of the cradle days of printing], books printed in the 15th cent. The known incunabula represent about 40,000 editions.
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, and is especially rich in books on paleography, history, art history, classical literature, and philology. These figures do not include the vast Vatican archives, a separate collection of more than 150,000 items, a collection of more than 300,000 coins and medals and more than 70,000 prints and engravings.

Facilities of the library were greatly improved in the 20th cent., although the staff and funding remain small. With funds supplied principally by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, librarians from the United States did much work (1927–30) in cataloging and classifying the contents of the library. Microfilms of most of the library's great manuscript collection were deposited at St. Louis Univ. in 1957. The Vatican Library has worked extensively with American computer companies, who helped to make its catalog of modern printed books available online in 1985 and in 2002 began a project to post images online of its complete collection of books and manuscripts.

References in classic literature ?
contained in the Vatican library several fables never before published.
The Apostolic Palace is a complex building comprising of several Papal Apartments, the Vatican Museums, some of the Catholic Church's government offices, the Vatican Library, and a number of both private and public chapels among other buildings.
It was translated by the Trinity College Dublin scholar H.A.L Craig when he found the manuscript in the Vatican Library. My friend Hasnain Almakky was kind enough to present me with this book.
Catherine library, which is the second largest library having documentaries and historic manuscripts after the Vatican Library. Among the most recently discovered artifacts is the huge edifice with several corridors and four entrances that was uncovered during excavation works carried out in Hod El-Demerdash, 400 meters to the south of Mit Rahina Museum in Giza, Ministry of Antiquities announced on Sept.
The Vatican library was established in 1475, although its collection dates to the Middle Ages.
'The Wonders of the Vatican Library' was his final project which was released in 2004 as a series of documentaries.
But he came back to life in what was understood by local people as a miracle of St Thomas of Hereford, with the testimony of medieval eyewitnesses still surviving in a manuscript in the Vatican library. Cragh set off from Swansea to Hereford on pilgrimage, together with Lord William and his wife Lady Mary de Briouze, to give thanks at the shrine of the saint, to whom he had prayed before his execution.
But he came back to life in what was understood by local people as a miracle of St Thomas of Hereford, with the testimony of medieval witnesses still surviving in a manuscript in the Vatican library.
Giovanna Murano considers a list of paleae (interpolations) in a Vatican Library manuscript of the Decretum.
The inauguration ceremony, attended by Egyptian and Western officials, comes after three years of restoration work on the eastern side of the library that houses the world's second largest collection of early codices and manuscripts, outnumbered only by the Vatican Library, according to Monk Damyanos, the monastery's archbishop.