Louis Nicolas Vauquelin

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vauquelin, Louis Nicolas


Born May 16, 1763, in St. André d’Hébertot, Normandy; died there Nov. 14, 1829. French chemist; became a member of the Paris Academy of Sciences in 1791.

In 1797, Vauquelin discovered the new element chromium in Siberian red lead ore, and in 1798 he produced it in its free state and discovered the oxide of a previously unknown metal—beryllium—in the mineral beryl. In 1799 he published one of the first manuals on chemical analysis. He conducted a great deal of research on substances of plant and animal origin, from which he isolated a number of chemical com-pounds.


Das Buch der grossen Chemiker, vol. 1. Edited by G. Bugge. Weinheim, 1955. Page 363.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(17.) Moreau R, Soupison T, Vauquelin P, Derrida S, Beaucour H, Sicot C.
Vauquelin, "Parametrical study of the back flow occurrence in case of a buoyant release into a rectangular channel," Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, vol.
Caballero-George, C., Vanderheyden, P.M., Okamoto, Y., Masaki, T., Mbwambo, Z., Apers, S., Gupta, M.P., Pieters, L., Vauquelin, G., Vlietinck, A., 2004.
"Children from the Vauquelin College have recognized one of their classmates, but we must remain cautious."
Chromium was discovered in 1797 by the French chemist Louis Vauquelin. It was named chromium (Greek chroma, color") because of the many different colors found in its compounds [38].
Further examples include the decomposition of tears (Balzac's source is Fourcroy and Vauquelin, two chemists who published in 1791 a text about the subject [see Ambriere 399-417]), and the manufacturing of diamonds.