Isle of Wight

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Wight, Isle of

Wight, Isle of (wīt), island and county (1991 pop. 126,600), 147 sq mi (381 sq km), S England, across the Solent and Spithead channels from Hampshire. The administrative center is Newport. The island is 23 mi (37 km) long from the eastern Foreland to the Needles (detached chalk formations at the western extremity) and 13 mi (21 km) wide. The Medina, which almost bisects the island, and the East Yar and the West Yar are the chief rivers. Numerous small streams on the southern coast have cut a series of picturesque gullies in the soft rock. The climate is mild, and the scenery, as a result of the contrasting geological strata, is varied. Quaint villages, such as Ventnor, and a beautiful coast line make the island a popular resort. Cowes is an important port.

The island was conquered by the Romans in A.D. 43 and probably settled later by the Jutes. It was annexed to the kingdom of Wessex in 661 and Christianized c.700. The Isle of Wight was the headquarters of the Danes at the end of the 10th cent. William I bestowed the lordship of the island upon William Fitz-Osbern. In 1293 it returned permanently to the crown. At Carisbrooke Castle, now in ruins, King Charles I was imprisoned (1647–48). In 1890 the island was established as a separate administrative county; administratively, it became a unitary authority in 1995. Queen Victoria's seaside home, Osborne House, is near the famous yachting center at Cowes. Parkhurst, a major British maximun security prison, is on the island.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wight, Isle of


an island that is located in the English Channel and belongs to Great Britain. Having an area of 381 sq km, the Isle of Wight is composed chiefly of cretaceous limestones. It is a hilly plain with a maximum elevation of 240 m. Economic activity includes fishing and the farming of fruits and vegetables. There are resorts, such as Sandown, on the island. Newport is the county seat.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
| The Harry Potter lot will form part of a TV & Film-related sale at Vectis Auctions Ltd in Thornaby on June 26.
One of the oddest items at Vectis is an inch-long (2.5-cm) piece of plastic that is a prototype for a Boba Fett rocket, never produced, and estimated at 800-1,200 pounds.
Vectis recently sold a 3ft-long tin plate ocean liner, made in the 1920s by a German firm, for pounds 8,500.
In return, Southern Vectis has pledged to scrap every vehicle it takes in to ensure there is a reduction in vehicles on the road.
A Vectis spokesman said: "Although it has been steamed and there is some paint loss to the lower part of the boiler, it is in excellent condition and comes complete with its original box."
A new Application Program Interface enables WAVE to be linked to other industry-standard commercial programs such as Ricardo's 3D CFD program VECTIS, StarCD from CD, Matlab/Simulink from The MathWorks, MATRIXx from ISI, EASY5 from Boeing.
Toy specialists Vectis Auctions in Thornaby, Teesside, is selling a collection of 120 cars for Charles Ullmann whose grandfather Philipp started the business after fleeing Germany in the 1930s.
The 33 lots, including a Steiff Diana 50th birthday bear, are going under the hammer by specialist toy auctioneer Vectis online and at its base in Thornaby, Stockton.
The anonymous UK buyer, who bid over the internet, must also pay a 20% commission to the auction house Vectis in Thornaby, Teesside.
Once vectis is in position, Sinskey hook (IOL dialer) is carefully placed on top of the nucleus, sandwiching it between these two instruments.