Vedda

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vedda

 

the ancient inhabitants of Ceylon, who played an important role in the formation of its modern ethnic composition. They live mainly in the eastern regions of the island. Population is approximately 800 people. They speak the Sinhalese language, although some speak the Tamil language. They have become highly assimilated with the Sinhalese and the Tamils. The ancient beliefs have disappeared, and they now profess Buddhism and Hinduism. Most of the Veddas are engaged in slash-and-burn farming and fishing, supplementing these with hunting and gathering. Exogamous tribal groups, or “Waruge,” and survivals of matriarchy are preserved in the social organization of the Veddas.

REFERENCES

Narody Iuzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.
Kochnev, V. I. Naselenie Tseilona. Moscow, 1965.
Seligmann, C. G., and B. L. Seligmann. The Veddas. Cambridge, 1911.

V. I. KOCHNEV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Races Type 1 Type 2 Type 3 Type 4 (%) (%) (%) (%) Europeans 67 32.9 0 0 Veddahs 60 40 0 0 Nigerians 63.4 37.7 0 4 Indians 78.2 21.7 0 0 Indians 66.8 25.9 5.2 1.9 Indians 65 34.9 0 0 Egyptians 49 40 11 0 Spanish 53.4 46.5 0 0 Turkish 58 39.3 0 0 South Indians 67 28.6 3 1.3 North-East Indians 62 31 5 2 Isan Thais (This study) 60.86 38.64 0 0.51 Races Cases Resources Europeans 194 Bunning & Barnett (1963, 1965) Veddahs 10 Bunning & Barnett (1963, 1965) Nigerians 492 Bunning & Barnett (1963, 1965) Indians 78 Bunning & Barnett (1963, 1965) Indians 401 Gupta et al.
The Sinhalese and Tamils are in the majority, and there are also Muslims, aboriginal Veddahs, Malaysians and Burghers (people of mixed European and Sri Lankan heritage).
Those whose culture differed most from their own (e.g., Australian Aborigines, the Veddahs of Ceylon) were identified as the least evolved and destined for extinction.