Veii


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Veii

(vē`ī), ancient city of Etruria, 11 mi (18 km) NW of Rome, Italy. One of the most powerful member cities of the Etruscan League, it was constantly at war with Rome. It fell (c.396 B.C.) to the Roman army under Camillus after a 10-year siege. The city was an important center of Etruscan civilizationEtruscan civilization,
highest civilization in Italy before the rise of Rome. The core of the territory of the Etruscans, known as Etruria to the Latins, was northwest of the Tiber River, now in modern Tuscany and part of Umbria.
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 and was especially noted for its statuary.

Veii

 

Veji, an ancient Etruscan city located north of Rome. From the end of the Villanovan culture Veii was an important center in central Italy. Beginning with the fifth century B.C. the Romans waged systematic wars against Veii, which ended with the destruction of the city in 396 B.C.; Veii was later restored by Emperor Augustus. Excavations begun in the 19th century discovered an acropolis with remnants of fortress walls and houses, a temple from the sixth century B.C., a large pool, marvelous Etruscan sculptures of Apollo and Hermes, many tombs (the most interesting of which, Tomba Campana, has ancient Etruscan frescoes), and many other objects.

REFERENCES

Modestov, V. I. Vvedenie v rimskuiu istoriiu, vol. 2. Moscow, 1904.
Poulsen, F. Etruscan Tomb Paintings. Oxford, 1922.
Hubaux, J. Rome et Véies. Paris, 1958.

A. I. NEMIROVSKII

Veii

an ancient Etruscan city, northwest of Rome: destroyed by the Romans in 396 bc
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