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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(before 1878 Eski Stambul), a Bulgarian city in the district of Shumen, on the left bank of the Goljama Kamčija river. Population, 8,000 (1965). Preslav has a winery, an industrial combine, an intermediate polytechnic school, and an agricultural technicum.

Some 3 km south of Preslav are the ruins of an ancient city of the same name that was, after Pliska, the second capital (893–971) of the First Bulgarian Kingdom. In 971, Preslav was seized and pillaged by the Byzantines. It remained in a state of decline during the 11th and 12th centuries while under Byzantine domination. After the revolt of the brothers Petr and Asen (1185–87), the city again became a Bulgarian fortress.

Ancient Preslav had an area of 3.5 sq km and consisted of two parts: the outer city, surrounded by a white stone wall 3.25 m thick, up to 10 m high, and provided with gates and towers; and the inner city, the tsar’s residential compound, also surrounded by a stone wall. Archaeological excavations of the inner city carried out since the end of the 19th century have investigated the ruins of massive palaces built of large stone cubes, including the Great Palace, or Throne Palace, with its remains of pillars, slabs with carved designs of foliage, and marble and porphyry floor. Excavations in the outer city have revealed the remains of houses and artisans’ workshops, and of the Round Church (10th century), with an atrium and a vestibule richly decorated with marble, mosaics, and glazed, patterned ceramic tiles.


Ivanova-Mavrodinova, V. Preslav: Vodach za starinite i muzeia, 2nd ed. Varna, 1966.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Holy Synod of BOC decided to form a commission for negotiations with MOC and the other Orthodox Churches to be made up of Metropolitan Kipriyan of Stara Zagora as president and Metropolitan Gavril of Lovech, Metropolitan Nikolai of Plovdiv, Metropolitan Anthony of Western and Central Europe, Metropolitan Joan of Varna and Veliki Preslav, Metropolitan Serafim of Nevrokop, Metropolitan Naum of Ruse and Metropolitan Grigory of Vratsa as members of the commission.
** The Bulgarian Orthodox Church is going to consider the request of the Macedonian Orthodox Church to become its mother church after it hears the opinion of the other churches, says Bulgarian Bishop Jovan of Varna and Veliki Preslav. He says this issue is very serious and has to be resolved in a very responsible manner by respecting the canons of Orthodoxy.
The celebrations, which will be held in the Eparchy of Varna and Veliki Preslav, will be attended by Bulgarian President Rosen Plevneliev, daily Dnevnik reports.
The beneficiaries include 28 municipalities, including Yablanitsa, Rakovski, Kozloduy, Byala, Karlovo, Kostinbrod, Sevlievo, Aksakovo, Tryavna, Tervel, Panagyurishte, Veliki Preslav, Stara Zagora, Krichim, Lovech, Momchilgrad, Peshtera, Hisarya, Byala Slatina, Kardzhali, Montana, Burgas, Svilengrad, Kubrat, Yambol, Knezha, Veliko Tarnovo and Chuprene, as well as natural parks Strandzha, Vrachanski Balkan and Vitosha, and national parks Rila and Central Balkan, the Regional Development Ministry, regional units of the Environment Ministry in Smolyan, Haskovo and Vratsa, and three NGOs a WWF, Biodiversity, BD Varna
The official ceremony of mourning will be led by Varna and Veliki Preslav Metropolitan Yoan.
On December 17, 2013, he was elected by the diocesan council in Varna as one of the two finalists for the post of Metropolitan of Varna and Veliki Preslav.
In recent years, it was headed by recently appointed Metropolitan of Varna and Veliki Preslav, Yoan, who was vicar of the Sofia Metropolitan.