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Vellore(vĕlôr`), city (1991 pop. 310,776), Tamil Nadu state, SE India, on the Palar River. It is a district administrative center and an agricultural market town. In the 18th cent. Vellore was the stronghold of the Indian leaders Haidar AliHaidar Ali
or Hyder Ali
, 1722–82, Indian ruler. A Muslim of peasant stock, he rose by military brilliance to command the army of the Hindu state of Mysore.
..... Click the link for more information. and his son Tippoo SahibTippoo Sahib
or Tipu Sahib
, 1749–99, Indian ruler, sultan of Mysore (1782–99); son and successor of Haidar Ali. He fought in his father's campaigns against the Marathas and the British but, after his succession, made peace with the British in 1784.
..... Click the link for more information. , and it was the site of a brief sepoy uprising against the British in 1806. An ancient fort, a 14th-century temple of the Hindu god Shiva, and a Christian medical college are in the city. Vellore has one of India's best hospital facilities.
a town in SE India, in NE Tamil Nadu: medical centre. Pop.: 177 413 (2001)