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the process of facing parts and subassemblies for woodwork with debarked or planed veneers. The process improves the appearance, reduces warping, and increases the strength of the parts.
Veneers of oak, walnut, ash, mahogany, and other valuable woods are used on the faces and edges of articles where higher quality finishing is required; the veneer strips are specially selected for the color and grain of the wood. Veneers from common woods, such as birch, alder, and larch, are used nonselectively for other surfaces. The surfaces of articles to be veneered must be smooth and even, without scoring and other indentations, resin flaws, or similar defects. When veneers are fitted manually, the surface of the article is coated with glue, and the veneer is then applied, smoothed, and seated with a heated mallet. Machine veneering by high-temperature hydraulic presses is more commonly used.
Veneering is practiced extensively in the production of furniture and interior finishings for buildings, railroad passenger cars, and ships’ cabins, as well as everyday goods. In place of veneering, surfaces are often imprinted with imitation wood grains to resemble various types of expensive wood.
REFERENCEBuglai, B. M. Tekhnologiia stoliarno-mebel’nogo proizvodstva. Moscow, 1967.
I. K. CHERKASOV