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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a nation; the basic population of Venezuela. According to a 1968 estimate, there are approximately 8.7 million Venezuelans. They speak Spanish and are Catholic. The fundamental nucleus of the Venezuelan people was formed as a result of the mixing of various ethnic groups: Spanish and Basque immigrants, aboriginal Indians, including Arawaks, Chibchas, and Caribs, and Negro slaves brought from Africa or the West Indies. Thus, the Venezuelans are one of the most mixed peoples of Latin America. The basic stock is Spanish-Indian mestizo (in the north, often with Negro admixture), about 10 percent are Negroes, mulattoes, and zambos, and 12-15 percent are white. Among the gainfully employed population the agricultural proletariat and land-starved peasantry prevail. A significant number of workers are employed in the petroleum industry.


Narody Ameriki,vol. 2. Moscow, 1959. (Bibliography.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The inflow of migrants to neighboring Latin American countries and the Caribbean is exacerbating social and economic tensions in the effort to protect the increasing number of people with vulnerabilities and those in need of international protection, the agency's Joint UNHCR-IOM (International Organization for Migration) Special Representative for Venezuelan refugees and migrants, Eduardo Stein, said in a statement.
Release date- 01082019 - Caracas - On Wednesday, the Con Mazo Dando program, conducted by the president of the National Constituent Assembly (ANC), Diosdado Cabello, arrived at the headquarters of the Ministry of Popular Power of Petroleum and Petroleum of Venezuela, SA (PDVSA), in La Campina, to ratify and support the position of the Venezuelan State before the expropriation of Citgo by the Canadian company Crystallex.
But in images reminiscent of desperate Cubans fleeing their homeland in decades past, Venezuelans increasingly are taking to the sea in rickety boats.
Four million Venezuelans - more than a tenth of the population - have fled the economic and humanitarian crisis in their homeland, the United Nations said last week.
Opposition leader Juan GuaidE recently signed a decree extending the lifespan of Venezuelan passports.
CUCUTA, Colombia -- Secretary of State Mike Pompeo met with Venezuelan migrants in Colombia on Sunday as he wrapped up a four-nation tour of South America aimed at pressuring Venezuela's socialist president, Nicolas Maduro.
"As Venezuelan soldiers, we are making a request to the US to support us, in logistical terms, with communication, with weapons, so we can realize Venezuelan freedom," former soldier Carlos Guillen Martinez, who lives outside Venezuela, told CNN.
An official at Ecuador's Foreign Ministry told local radio that some 600,000 Venezuelans had entered the country so far this year, with around 109,000 staying on.
However, he ordered the suspension of the entry of Venezuelans into Roraima until the state can reach an equilibrium between the arrival of migrants and their exit to other parts of Brazil.
The IOM estimates that nearly 1 million Venezuelans have left the country over the past two years, including a sharp increase during the latter half of 2017 when Venezuela's economic crisis worsened, The Washington Post reported.
-- Venezuelans are fleeing their country in droves amid the chaos in their government and their streets.