Oxytocin in the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus
reduces feeding and acutely increases energy expenditure.
Moreover, prolactin receptor immunoreactivity or mRNA for prolactin receptors is detected within the PVN, ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus
, and supraoptic nucleus only during lactation, but not in diestrous females .
[8, 9] Recent studies of glucose-sensitive neurons in the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus
(VMN), the lateral hypothalamus, the arcuate nucleus, and even in the brain stem that possibly initiates counterregulatory response and controls meal initiation and termination further reveals the possible existence of a central mechanism that regulates glucose level and metabolism.
Trojniar, "Suppression of natural killer cell cytotoxicity following chronic electrical stimulation of the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus
in rats," Journal of Neuroimmunology, vol.
Those located in the arcuate nucleus and lateral hypothalamic area decrease appetite while stimulation of food intake is seen with activation of dopaminergic receptors in ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus
The nuclear receptor steroidogenic factor 1 is essential for the formation of the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus
. Mol Endoc rinol 9:478-486 (1995).