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Ventspils (vĕntsˈpēls), Ger. Windau, city (2011 provisional pop. 38,645), W Latvia, on the Baltic Sea, at the mouth of the Venta River. An ice-free seaport, it exports oil brought by pipeline or rail from Russia. Ventspils also has shipyards, fisheries, and varied manufactures. The city grew around a 13th-century castle of the Livonian Brothers of the Sword and was chartered in 1314.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(formerly Vindava), a city and administrative center of Ventspils Raion, Latvian SSR. An ice-free port on the Baltic Sea. Railroad lines to Riga (176 km) and Liepāja. Population, 41,000 (1970).

Major center of the fish-processing and woodworking industries, Ventspils has a cannery producing one-fourth of Latvia’s canned fish and a woodworking plant (lumber, pressed sawdust, furniture, and barrels). Other industries include a fan factory that also makes radiators, a reinforced-concrete construction components plant, a meat combine, and a dairy. The city has medical and musical schools, a folk theater, a museum devoted to the history of deep-sea fishing, and a museum of regional studies.

Ventspils was founded in 1242 and received the rights of a city in 1378. It was part of the Hanseatic League in the 14th- 16th centuries. The Convention House (completed in 1290) still stands. There are two works by the sculptor J. Zarin’ in Ventspils: a monument to J. Fabricius (1954) and one to the fighters of the Revolution of 1905 (1961).


Bloka, Z. Ventspils. Riga, 1970. [Guide. Translated from Latvian.]
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
TALLINN, Aug 29 (LETA--BNS) - Kihnu Veeteed, the only participant in the negotiated procurement for finding an operator for the ferry route between Montu in Estonia and Ventspils in Latvia, has requested an extension for submitting its application, the regional Meie Maa reported.
RIGA v VENTSPILS 6pm By Liam Flin A SIX-POINT gap has opened up at the top of the Latvian Higher League but there's still fierce competition when it comes to the Europa League qualifying spots and two sides eyeing European places, FK Riga and Ventspils, can play out a high-scoring affair.
The Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project will be implemented without Latvia's participation, the project's managers said in an official letter to the Freeport of Ventspils Authority.
LLANELLI ensured they have every chance of continuing their Champions League dream after a hard-fought, yet deserved, win over Latvian champions FK Ventspils last night, writes Blair Wood.
Latvian oil terminal Ventspils, 49 per cent owned by oil trader Vitol, needs to modernise in order to survive in competitive market conditions, the chairman of the company said.
Leading 3-2 from the first leg in Newtown, Saints couldn't hold on as Ventspils' Jean Paul Ndeki powered in a header after 20 minutes and Denis Kacanov doubled the lead after the break.
NEWCASTLE take their place in today's first-round draw despite failing to find the net against Latvian minnows Ventspils at St James' Park last night.
Gary Johnson has told Glenn Roeder that FK Ventspils have already surrendered the most effective weapon in their modest armoury after insisting that the lure of cash has left them with little chance of springing a European upset this evening.
And United are more than happy that FK Ventspils have agreed to switch the game away from their Olimpiski Centr stadium which only has a capacity of 3085.
The Latvian port of Ventspils is idling these days owing to a Russian boycott of the future EU Member State.
Randall's men had lost 91-86 to top side Ventspils 24 hours earier, but it was a defeat they could afford.