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(vĕnts`pēls), Ger. Windau, city (2011 provisional pop. 38,645), W Latvia, on the Baltic Sea, at the mouth of the Venta River. An ice-free seaport, it exports oil brought by pipeline or rail from Russia. Ventspils also has shipyards, fisheries, and varied manufactures. The city grew around a 13th-century castle of the Livonian Brothers of the SwordLivonian Brothers of the Sword
or Livonian Knights
, German military and religious order, founded in 1202 by Bishop Albert of Livonia for the purpose of conquest and Christianization in the Baltic lands.
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 and was chartered in 1314.



(formerly Vindava), a city and administrative center of Ventspils Raion, Latvian SSR. An ice-free port on the Baltic Sea. Railroad lines to Riga (176 km) and Liepāja. Population, 41,000 (1970).

Major center of the fish-processing and woodworking industries, Ventspils has a cannery producing one-fourth of Latvia’s canned fish and a woodworking plant (lumber, pressed sawdust, furniture, and barrels). Other industries include a fan factory that also makes radiators, a reinforced-concrete construction components plant, a meat combine, and a dairy. The city has medical and musical schools, a folk theater, a museum devoted to the history of deep-sea fishing, and a museum of regional studies.

Ventspils was founded in 1242 and received the rights of a city in 1378. It was part of the Hanseatic League in the 14th- 16th centuries. The Convention House (completed in 1290) still stands. There are two works by the sculptor J. Zarin’ in Ventspils: a monument to J. Fabricius (1954) and one to the fighters of the Revolution of 1905 (1961).


Bloka, Z. Ventspils. Riga, 1970. [Guide. Translated from Latvian.]
References in periodicals archive ?
Tenders are invited for Development of access roads for terminals and industrial zones in the territory of the Freeport of Ventspils in 2018 - Rebuilding of the 1st class road P108 in sections from Pavil street to the administrative border of the city, Ventspils
The Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project will be implemented without Latvia's participation, the project's managers said in an official letter to the Freeport of Ventspils Authority.
But that was one of the few times Ventspils threatened and Rooney's strike 11 minutes from time capped an impressive away performance.
FOOTBALL VentspiLs v bFc DAUGAVPILS 3pm EVERYTHING seemed to be going swimmingly for Ventspils a couple of weeks ago, but they have slipped up in their pursuit of the Latvian title, writes Ian Wilkerson.
Ventspils 0 Airbus UK Broughton 0 (agg 1-1, Ventspils win on away goals) HEROIC Airbus so nearly progressed to the second qualifying round of the Europa League at the expense of their Latvian opponents at the Ventspils Olimpiskais Stadions yesterday.
After theReds beat Latvian champions Ventspils 1-0 in their Champions League qualifier on Tuesday, the focus will now shift to the Saints and Bangor City's UEFA Cup campaigns.
Latvian oil terminal Ventspils, 49 per cent owned by oil trader Vitol, needs to modernise in order to survive in competitive market conditions, the chairman of the company said.
Welsh Premier League champions The New Saints slipped out of the Champions League in Latvia last night, beaten on away goals following a 4-4 aggregate draw against Ventspils.
Martyn Naylor hit back with a last-minute free-kick for Saints to level the aggregate scores, but Ventspils advance to meet FC Salzburg in the next round on away goals.
The New Saints have a fighting chance of progressing to the second preliminary round of the Champions League after a battling 3-2 win against Latvian side FK Ventspils.
Gary Johnson has told Glenn Roeder that FK Ventspils have already surrendered the most effective weapon in their modest armoury after insisting that the lure of cash has left them with little chance of springing a European upset this evening.
And United are more than happy that FK Ventspils have agreed to switch the game away from their Olimpiski Centr stadium which only has a capacity of 3085.