Verbascum


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Verbascum: Verbascum blattaria

Verbascum

 

(mullein), a genus of plants of the Scro-phulariaceae (figwort) family. They are biennial or, occasionally, perennial, usually tall herbs and, at times, subshrubs, with alternate leaves (the lower ones growing in a rosette). The flowers are almost regular or only slightly irregular, usually yellow, and are borne in racemose, spicate, or panicled inflorescences. The perianth is pentamerous, and the corolla, spreading. There are four or five stamens with hairs on the filaments. The fruit is a capsule.

There are about 300 species in temperate zones of Eurasia, North Africa, and North America, into which they have been introduced. In the USSR there are more than 45 species, chiefly in the Caucasus, growing on rocky slopes, steppes, dry meadows, sandy areas, edges of forests, and along roads. The best known are great or common mullein (V. thapsus), V. phlomoides, and V. speciosum. A tincture of Verbascum corollas, which contain mucilage and saponins, is used as an astringent, emollient, and expectorant. Some species, such as V. phoeniceum and V. olym-picum, are grown as ornamentals. Species with four stamens are sometimes classified in a separate genus called Celsia.

REFERENCES

Fedchenko, B. A. “Rod Koroviak-Verbascum L.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 22. Moscow-Leningrad, 1955.
Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Seasonal changes in germination responses of buried seeds of Verbascum thapsus and V.
The stem exatrsct has anthelmintic action but milder than leaves of Verbascum, the same restless movement was observed as for leaves extract.
In day 14, this process is reduced and by using histometric results we found that Verbascum thapsus has better trend than Eucerin but slower process than zinc oxide.
These pretty plants from South Africa, members of the Scrophularia or figwort family together with verbascum and buddleia, flower prolifically all summer.
Take root cuttings from oriental poppies, verbascum, Primula denticulata, Phlox paniculata, rhus and other plants.
Take root cuttings of border perennials such as acanthus, border phlox, echinops, oriental poppies and verbascum, then put them in a cold frame or greenhouse.
Mullein (verbascum thapsus) is also good for coughs.
Delphiniums, foxgloves, hollyhocks, and verbascum provide the perfect accents, punctuating beds and borders with statuesque candles of bloom.
Nonetheless, using rich potting composts with fine, dust-sized seeds such as campanula, sedum, streptocarpus, verbascum and mesembryanthemum isn't a good idea.
Take root cuttings of Oriental poppies, phlox and verbascum. ?

Full browser ?