Verbascum


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Related to Verbascum: Verbascum blattaria

Verbascum

 

(mullein), a genus of plants of the Scro-phulariaceae (figwort) family. They are biennial or, occasionally, perennial, usually tall herbs and, at times, subshrubs, with alternate leaves (the lower ones growing in a rosette). The flowers are almost regular or only slightly irregular, usually yellow, and are borne in racemose, spicate, or panicled inflorescences. The perianth is pentamerous, and the corolla, spreading. There are four or five stamens with hairs on the filaments. The fruit is a capsule.

There are about 300 species in temperate zones of Eurasia, North Africa, and North America, into which they have been introduced. In the USSR there are more than 45 species, chiefly in the Caucasus, growing on rocky slopes, steppes, dry meadows, sandy areas, edges of forests, and along roads. The best known are great or common mullein (V. thapsus), V. phlomoides, and V. speciosum. A tincture of Verbascum corollas, which contain mucilage and saponins, is used as an astringent, emollient, and expectorant. Some species, such as V. phoeniceum and V. olym-picum, are grown as ornamentals. Species with four stamens are sometimes classified in a separate genus called Celsia.

REFERENCES

Fedchenko, B. A. “Rod Koroviak-Verbascum L.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 22. Moscow-Leningrad, 1955.
Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Phenylethanoid and lignan glycosides from Verbascum thapsus.
In day 14, this process is reduced and by using histometric results we found that Verbascum thapsus has better trend than Eucerin but slower process than zinc oxide.
Delphiniums and some verbascum are short-lived perennials, blooming every year for three years or more.
HOW TO CLAIM: Fill out the form below and send with a cheque (made payable to MGN) or your card details to: The People Free Verbascum, VMGN87, Admail ADM3952, Spalding, Lincolnshire, PE11 1ZZ.
FLOWER POWER: The towering floral spikes of Verbascum densiflorum
Offer 2: Verbascum "Clementine" - BUY 2 GET 1 FREE Performs best in poor soils, has spikes of warm, orange flowers, each with contrasting purplish filament hairs.
Take root cuttings from oriental poppies, acanthus, verbascum and Primula denticulata.
Stipa tenuissima | |Mediterranean-looking plants with silvery or hairy foliage - santolina (cotton lavender), verbascum, phlomis (Jerusalem sage) stachys (lamb's ears), ballota, convolvulus and lavender are all hardy
She said some of the plants incorporated in the garden include midnight coloured iris and amber foxgloves and went on: "These colours are balanced by the soft blues and aubergine hue of purple leaved cow parsley - Anthriscus sylvestris 'Ravenswing', spires of Salvia nemorosa and Verbascum phoeniceum 'Violetta'.
A NEW dwarf form of verbascum (mullein) is available this spring.
Time-saving tip To save time on supports, choose tall herbaceous plants that require no staking, including red hot pokers (kniphofia), coneflower (rudbeckia -pictured right), foxglove (digitalis), verbascum and globe thistle (echinops).

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