Verdun


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Verdun: battle of Verdun

Verdun

(vərdŭn`), city (1991 pop. 61,307), S Que., Canada, on the south shore of Montreal island, on the St. Lawrence River. It is a residential suburb of Montreal.

Verdun

(vĕrdŭn`, Fr. vĕrdöN`), town (1990 pop. 23,427), Meuse dept., NE France, in Lorraine, on the Meuse River. A strategic transportation center, Verdun has varied industries and is situated in an agricultural region. The town was a prosperous commercial center in Roman times and also during the Carolingian period in the 800s. An episcopal see since the 4th cent., Verdun, with its surrounding area, was one of the three bishoprics (with Metz and Toul) seized (1552) by Henry II of France from the Holy Roman Empire. The town itself was a free imperial city before it passed to France. The Peace of WestphaliaWestphalia, Peace of,
1648, general settlement ending the Thirty Years War. It marked the end of the Holy Roman Empire as an effective institution and inaugurated the modern European state system.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (1648), ending the Thirty Years War, confirmed Verdun in French possession. Fortified by Sébastien Vauban during the reign of Louis XIV, Verdun thereafter became important strategically. After 1871 the town became the principal French fortress facing Germany and was surrounded by a ring of defenses. The longest battle of World War I was fought at Verdun in 1916 (see Verdun, battle ofVerdun, battle of,
the longest and one of the bloodiest engagements of World War I. Two million men were engaged. It began on Feb. 21, 1916, when the Germans, commanded by Crown Prince Frederick William, launched a massive offensive against Verdun, an awkward salient in the
..... Click the link for more information.
). In 1918 the Americans and French were victorious in the Verdun sector and at Saint-MihielSaint-Mihiel
, town (1993 est. pop. 5,435), Meuse dept., NE France, in Lorraine, on the Meuse River. Its chief manufactures are eyeglasses, plywood, and copper products. Saint-Mihiel grew around a Benedictine abbey founded in 709.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Almost totally destroyed, Verdun was rebuilt after the war. The town and the battlefield of Verdun, with their huge military cemeteries and numerous impressive monuments, form a national sanctuary. Other points of interest are the cathedral (11th–12th cent.) and the town hall (17th cent.), which is now a war museum.

Verdun

site of numerous battles. [Fr. Hist.: EB, X: 395]
See: Battle

Verdun

1. a fortified town in NE France, on the Meuse: scene of the longest and most severe battle (1916) of World War I, in which the French repelled a powerful German offensive. Pop.: 19 624 (1999)
2. Treaty of. an agreement reached in 843 ad by three grandsons of Charlemagne, dividing his empire into an E kingdom (later Germany), a W kingdom (later France), and a middle kingdom (containing what became the Low Countries, Lorraine, Burgundy, and N Italy)
References in periodicals archive ?
Robert Verdun (left) and Sat Joshi (right) speaking at the Cannabis Capital Conference Aug.
Address : 11 Rue Prsident Poincar Point(S) De Contact : Grp-Juridique@Grandverdun.Fr 55100 Verdun F
For us, the first steps in Verdun are definitely encouraging: We opened earlier than planned and below the planned budget.
The 10-month battle at Verdun -- the longest in World War I -- killed 163,000 French and 143,000 German soldiers and wounded hundreds of thousands of others.
The hotel is located on Verdun Main Street, one of the city's most fashionable boulevards and top shopping destinations.
The two Verdun oaks in Beaumont Park are situated on a big avenue which runs through the park off Beaumont Park Road.
"We are all called upon to keep awake the memory (of Verdun) in the future, because only those who know the past can draw lessons from it."
Sunday's commemorations at Verdun took place in the rain, and Hollande held an umbrella for Merkel and himself as they made their way to the German cemetery Consenvoy to lay a wreath.
There are claims Field Marshal Sir John French, who led the British into Northern Europe in 1914, brought back the acorns to commemorate the stand the French took at Verdun.
The surviving trees grew from acorns gathered immediately after Verdun, a 302 day bloodbath that began on February 21, 1916.
An analysis by the National Archives of babies' names in World War I shows 901 were called Verdun, and the biggest concentration was in South Wales.