For Ferguson (1959), the distinction between high and low domains forms the basis for the language-political phenomenon of diglossia, where all members of a speech community are socially conditioned bilinguals, having both a vernacular language
for low domains, and a distinct standard language for high domains.
In the case of Indonesian manuscripts, which are scattered around the world, and usually written in many different vernacular languages
(often using non-Romanised characters), the presence of a bibliographic tool such as Khazanah Naskah is enlightening.
The others tend to include their vernacular languages
and some of them even have interpreters for English.
It was not until the late 1980s that most East Asian libraries in North America could process their Chinese, Japanese, and Korean (CJK) materials in vernacular languages
and scripts in library computers in the same way as Western-language materials.
A special chapter deals with theoretical issues about historical migration routes which may be deduced by means of tracing back distinct traditional plant names occurring in various vernacular languages
. The importance of research in that direction is not only indicated by the fact that informants are increasingly dying away in the course of steady cultural change but also by the dramatic impact of climatic catastrophics occurring at present in Papua-New Guinea which are provoking the development of international aid programs towards an urgent improvement of the agricultural systems in the most severely endangered areas.
If you look at the fifty years before the independence of India, you find the greatest writers in the subcontinent working in the sixteen vernacular languages
Cicero's influence on Latin prose was so great that subsequent prose--not only in Latin but in later vernacular languages
up to the 19th century--was either a reaction against or a return to his style.
It was enormously popular -- over sixty manuscripts of the Latin version have been found in France alone -- and it was translated into many vernacular languages
, including Old Norse.
Let alone speaking any of the vernacular languages
. I am not saying it is stupid to employ foreigners but I would think that it only helps in terms of the technical skills they bring, in addition to the assurance that they will not breach confidentiality.
Apart from entertainment content, we will provide more localized content in various formats and vernacular languages
. Meanwhile, through the UC campus projects, we have set up platforms for young talents to showcase their creativity," Damon added.
Describing Bose as a crusader for teaching of science in vernacular languages
and referring to Bose's efforts to start a Bengali science magazine, he said:"To promote understanding and love of science in our youth, it is vital that we promote science communication in a big way.