Verney Lovett Cameron

Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cameron, Verney Lovett


Born July 1, 1844, in Radipole, Dorsetshire; died Mar. 27, 1894, in Salisbury. British naval officer, explorer of Central Africa.

Sent to help D. Livingstone, Cameron in March 1873 traveled west from the shore of the Indian Ocean at 6° 30′S way from Zanzibar to Lake Tanganyika he met African companions of Livingstone carrying his remains to the sea. Cameron reached Lake Tanganyika in 1874, explored part of its shores, discovered its western outlet, the Lukuga River, and reached the Lualaba River, which he rightly considered as belonging to the Congo system. He followed the Lualaba southward to approximately 8°S lat., traced the watershed between the basins of the lower Congo and the upper Zambezi, and reached the Atlantic Ocean at 12°30′ S lat. in November 1875. While crossing Africa, Cameron made about 4, 000 altitude measurements, thus initiating the precise study of the relief of Central Africa.


Across Africa, vols. 1–2. London, 1885–88.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(It was later brought back to Britain by Verney Lovett Cameron, who was sent by the Royal Geographical Society to help Livingstone in 1873 but arrived too late.)
Following the explorer Verney Lovett Cameron's successful east-west 2,500 mile journey across Africa's unknown interior, Leopold made plans to exploit a 1.5m square mile swathe of the Congo river basin.
And while the East drew many of these remarkable individuals, others chose instead to open up the 'dark' continent of Africa--James Bruce, who became doctor to the emperor of Abyssinia, Mungo Park, who endured terrible hardships exploring West Africa, John Hanning Speke, Burton's sometime colleague and rival, Verney Lovett Cameron, a Royal Naval officer and the first European to make an east west crossing of Africa, missionary/explorer David Livingstone (who penetrated deeper inland from the Cape than any other explorer and was the first European to cross the Kalahari), and Livingstone's 'discoverer' Henry Morton Stanley, who set out to discover the source of the Nile (and succeeded).
Across Africa by Verney Lovett Cameron, hb, pp508, 25.95 [pounds sterling]
Deprived of the opportunity to rescue Dr Livingstone--and thus publicise efforts to end slavery--by Stanley's having found him first, in 1875, Verney Lovett Cameron set off across Africa anyway, together with two British companions, numerous bearers and a donkey named Jenny Lind.
He was also the second explorer after Verney Lovett Cameron to cross central Africa from east to west, and made many trips in the Congo basin.
Lisa Aldwinckle delves into the archives at the RGS (with IBG) and discovers instruments carried by Verney Lovett Cameron